Key words and phrases: neuron network; self-adjustable
system; control for non-stationary objects.
Abstract: Self-adjustable control system created on the basis of neuron network of Multi-Layer Perception type is presented. The algorithm of self-adjustable control system work is described. The advantages of neuron network system of control over the ones based on the linear regulators are shown. Neuron network system is implemented on the industrial programmable controller I-8437
Key words and phrases: waveguides; wave resistance; dielectric penetrability;
magnetic penetrability; microwave methods of measurements;
non-destructive control; surface wave; thermo-moisture meter.
Abstract:Multi-connected classification systemizes developed by the authors microwave methods and equipment of non-destructive control for properties, materials and products into appropriate rubrics of classifier, thus presenting an opportunity to solve effectively the metrological task of measuring the media parameters.
Key words and phrases: video required materials; distant education; telemedicine;
data compression technology.
Abstract: Matters of applying present-day telemedicine technologies aimed at providing treatment and diagnosis of patients are considered. The ways and methods of using data compression xDSL-Technology to solve the problem of transferring bulky medical data are shown.
Key words and phrases: linguistic variable; lexical analysis; fuzzi set; fuzzi variable;
knowledge representation; syntactical analysis
Abstract: Matters of developing the expert system in terms of fuzzi decision-making are considered. The structure of expert system and the forms of knowledge representation are shown. The description of software developed at the department of SAD is given; it allows filling the expert system with information, analyzing and editing it, as well as making decisions.
Key words and phrases: analysis of asynchronous digital schemes on failure risks;
independent transitions; optimum set decomposition; parallel calculations mode.
Abstract: The principle of paralleling the algorithm of analyzing the logical scheme on failure risks is proposed.
Key words and phrases: swirl chamber; uprising twisted flow; gas-disperse phase;
hydro-dynamic mode; heat processing.
Abstract: Evolutional development of constructive design of swirl-type apparatuses with uprising twisted flow of gas-disperse flow is presented. The design of apparatuses enables to regulate effectively the time of keeping the material in drying zone, thus reducing the costs of heat processing of disperse product.
Key words and phrases: clay upwarp; clayey material; expanded clay; optimum control
for the process; countercurrent drum-type furnace; Markov’s chain; cell model.
Abstract: The complete cell model of countercurrent heat and mass transfer between grain materials and gas is presented. The task of optimum control for the process parameters along the drum for maximum approximation of material heating kinetics to the required kinetic curve is set and solved as well. The most effective way of clay baking for expanded clay in two-stage drum is proved numerically.
Key words and phrases: fruit juices production; ultrasound; infusion.
Abstract: It is shown, that ultrasound processing of apples, beets and carrots pulp influences the state and structure of tissue and increases the yielding of dry extracted substances (DES). After the secondary squeezing and ultrasound processing of pulp DESapples = 5,4%, DESbeets=5,2%, DEScarrots=5,0%
Key words and phrases: rapid gravity flow; particulate solids; dynamics model;
Abstract: The technology and equipment for particulate solids separation by the set of physical and mechanical properties are proposed. The technology is based on the use of segregation effects under cascade rapid flow of particulate solids. The model of dynamics of particulate mixtures separation by gravitation separator cascades is developed
Key words and phrases: hydrogen diffusion; kinetics; steel; stimulator
Abstract: The hydrogen evolution reaction and hydrogen diffusion into St3 steel have been studied in the acidic sulphate solutions without and with potassium rodanide. The constants of the main steps of these processes, the hydrogen surface coverage have been calculated on base of IPZ analysis developed by Pickerring with collaborators.
Key words and phrases: bitumen-rubber composition; road covering; paddle mixer; bitumen modification;
oil bitumen; rubber chips.
Abstract: Basis trends in road bitumen modification and the mechanism of influencing rubber chips as modifier on the oil bitumen properties are studied. The research into the process of oil road bitumen modification in paddle mixer of periodic type with Z-shaped paddles is implemented; the influence of technological parameters of the process on the quality of bitumen-rubber composition is studied.
Key words and phrases: Banach space; characteristic operator polynomial; multiple
root; Cauchy problem; operator determinant; operator-vector Cramer’s rule; general solution.
Abstract: Formula for general solution of the linear homogeneous differential equation of the n-order in Banach space in case of multiple roots of a characteristic operational polynominal is obtained.
Key words and phrases: amplitude; oscillation; support; radial rigidity; radial
clearance; rotor; angular rigidity; equivalent rigidity; trunnion.
Abstract: Analytical research into determination of angular rigid characteristics of non-linear mechanical system of loaded rotor – elastic support with radial clearance is carried out.
Key words and phrases: reinforced ground; bearing capacity of the foundation; model
displacement; reinforcement percentage.
Abstract: The results of laboratory research of bearing capacity of reinforced sand foundation are presented. Multi-factor analysis of the influence of reinforcement on the durability and deformability of earth foundation is implemented. The dependence of upsetting and breaking load on the different reinforcement parameters are presented. The methodology of experiments and basic conclusions are given.
Departments: “Higher Mathematics” (1), “Applied Mathematics and Mechanics” (2), TSTU
Key words and phrases: quality of specialist’s training; self-control;
self-evaluation; testing as the form of control and self-control.
Abstract: The task of forming the system of self-control as the leading mechanism of self-regulation of learner’s activity is set and formulated. Typical features of forming self-control and control and their links with the ability of self-evaluation are revealed. Basic forms, indexes of self-control efficiency are determined. Organizational training conditions of introducing the system of self-control in educational activity of university are studied.
Key words and phrases: innovative policy; specialist’s creative competence;
creativity; students’ Olympiad movement.
Abstract: Theoretical and methodological aspects of organizing innovative activity at the university using the system of students’ Olympiad movement as a means of forming specialist’s creative competence are studied; the structure of control over Olympiad movement at technical university is developed.
Key words and phrases: educational system; specialists’ training; integration;
innovation-oriented professional education; technical university teacher; readiness
formation; professional educational program.
Abstract: Methodology of integrated design of professional education systems is proposed and its principles are formulated. System-integrated approach to combination of educational programs of different levels is developed. The classification of requirements to specialists is given. The analysis of professional activity of technical university teachers is implemented; the model of the formation of their readiness to innovative activity is developed.
Key words and phrases: probability amplitude; wave function; engineering ideology;
interference; quantum mechanics; corpuscular-wave dualism; micro-objects; quantum-size
structures; relation of uncertainties.
Abstract: The paper discusses the problems of engineering ideology formation in pedagogics of technical university. The link between present-day physical representations and technical subjects is considered; contradictions occurring when using methods of classical physics in the systems with micro-objects as well as thoughtless application of quantum-mechanical notions in explanations of effects linked to microelectronic processes are discussed. Special attention is paid to the content of such fundamental scientific notions as corpuscular-wave dualism, probability wave, wave function, relation of uncertainties, wave properties of micro-objects and their interference.
Key words and phrases: genuine communication; English for Specific Purposes (ESP);
creativity; teacher`s project culture; role-play; language skills.
Abstract: Nowadays because of modernization of education in Russia the whole English Language Teaching (ELT) community is entering a new stage of interactive learning by means of new technologies. The article discusses one of the most effective teaching approaches in ELT. Role-plays, video situations, projects can greatly widen our horizons of creation within the suggested methods. ESP project is a valuable approach, it integrates all the language skills and takes an opportunity of using performances in the learning process. From the point of view of research work the project takes language learning out of the classroom into the real world. Culminating moment of the game is presentation of the project in public. This approach to ELT is closely connected with the problem of developing the teacher`s project culture concerning the formulation of goals, selecting ESP material professionalized situations and spheres of future specialist`s activity.
Key words and phrases: GIS-technologies; information system; objects of cultural
Abstract: The methodology of creating information system aimed at retrospective analysis of objects of cultural heritage in small and middle-size towns of Russia is studied on the example of Tambov.
Key words and phrases: product differentiation; overheads; integration; innovations;
competitiveness; oligopoly; labor productivity; industrial enterprise; game theory; market
types; product price.
Abstract: Based on theoretical grounds the factors influencing enterprise competitiveness are revealed; on the basis of game theory competitive relations between two competitors on the market of machine engineering production are studied; the ways of increasing enterprise competitiveness by reducing overheads and product differentiation are proposed
Key words and phrases: îrganization; training; university.
Abstract: Universities, as every organisations operating in an evolving environment, can be successful just adopting proper strategies and relying on skilled and motivated human resource. The article, divided in two parts, at first shows the organizational change experienced by leading universities in Western European countries, which are shifting from the Institution-Bureaucracy (IB) model to the Business-Professional Network (BPN) model. In the frame of this new managerial perspective, University sets the mission to deliver education and research services and is considered as a source of innovation and change. Its main goal is to train proactive professionals, adopting customer focus and quality orientation. In the relations with the environment it looks for a strong interdependence with all the stakeholders and network partners. The change from IB to BPN model is going on mainly because of more organisational and managerial autonomy, more competition for attracting students and a change in social attitudes towards university, considered as a centre delivering services. In the second part, some guidelines are indicated for the setting up of an effective training process to develop university human resources. Attention is paid to the four steps of the training process.
Key words and phrases: an ethnographical thought; genesis and the development of
regional studies; information institutions; informatization; a scientific and educational
discipline; scientific studies.
Abstract: The periodization of regional studies as a scientific and educatinal discipline from the ethnographical point of view is examined in the article for the first time.
Key words and phrases: transformation method; participial construction; participial
II construction; attributive meaning; adverbial meaning; co-predicative meaning; synonymy.
Abstract: The role of transformation method when studying the synonymy of participial constructions and subordinate clauses is analyzed. The author gives the definition of transformation method and studies the conditions and factors influencing the transformation of participial constructions and subordinate clauses.
Key words and phrases: OGPU; archive; political states of public opinion; political
Abstract: The paper deals with the methodology of studying the reviews of political states of public mind as unique archive resources for studying social-political history of the Soviet period and that of 1920s in particular.
Key words and phrases: «military communism», a Bolshevik, a board, an executive
committee, enlargement, disenlargement, reorganization.
Abstract: The nature of the reorganization of local authority organs of Tambov region in 1921-1925 is described, the results of this reorganization are analyzed, the reasons, which led to other, than it was supposed, results of the reorganization of local government are examined.
Key words and phrases: famine; home-made cloth; peasant’s log hut; bast shoes;
food; food consumption; stove; utensils; shirt; dwelling condition.
Abstract: The state of main components of Russian village culture at the end of XIX – beginning of XX centuries is studied. The everyday peasants’ food, living conditions, specific features of their clothes and the influence of town trends in fashion are analyzed.
Key words and phrases: gestures; sign; intonation; kinesics; communication;
culture; mimicry; emotion.
Abstract: Matters of verbal and non-verbal communication, elements of body language, and functions of non-verbal communication are considered. Body language involves movement of the body, gestures, mimicry, poses and intonation to some extent. Body language is influenced by various factors, for example, culture, person’s individual peculiarities, etc.
Key words and phrases: fraud; crime; criminal law.
Abstract: Basic stages of historical development of fraud legislation are considered.
Key words and phrases: 2-step Engle-Granger procedure; Impulse Response Functions;
Granger Causality test; Public Capital; Private Sector Performance; Vector Autoregressive
Model (VAR); Vector Error Correction Model (VECM).
Abstract: Empirical evidence on the dynamic effects of public capital on real economic growth in the United States is presented in this paper. The sample period covers the years 1971–2001. A five-variable VAR model and a Vector Error Correction (VEC) model are estimated using the following variables: public net capital stock, private net capital stock, the number of employed persons, an energy to all commodities price index ratio, real gross domestic product.