Transactions of the TSTU

Four-Language Scientific-Theoretical and Applied Multidisciplinary Journal

(by the main topics; in the authors alphabet)

Automation. Information. Control. Instruments

Churikov A.A., Antonova L.L.
Method of Non-Destructive Thermo-phisical Control over Samples of Small Geometrical Size Made from Solid Materials
Department “Automated Systems and Devices”, TSTU

Key words and phrases: integral characteristics; non-destructive control; thermo-physical properties; methods of control; experiment stages; small samples.
Abstract: The relative method of non-destructive control over the complex of thermo-physical properties which is based on discrete thermal influence through round surface area is shown; its calculating dependencies are given. The comparative analysis of mathematical model of the given method and the mathematical models of the existing methods based on thermal influence by continuous heat flow is carried out.

V.A. Nemtinov1, A.A. Litvinov2, Yu.V. Nemtinova1
Application of GIS-Technologies when Evaluating the Quality of Underground Water Resources of Industrial Unit
Departments: “Automated Design of Technological Equipment” (1), “Information Systems” (2), TSTU

Key words and phrases: underground water resources; information system; GIS-technologies.
Abstract: The approach enabling to evaluate the quality of underground water resources of industrial unit in Tambov using the geo-information system ArcGIS made by ESRI is studied.

I.G. Karpov1, S.V. Ovsyannikov1, A.Yu. Koziratsky2
Generalized Probabilistic Description of Bilateral Discrete Random Variables
Tambov Military Aviation Engineering Institute; (1) Voronezh Military Radio-Electronics Institute (2)

Key words and phrases: discrete laws of distribution; random variables; fluctuation models; Pierson’s
Abstract: As a result of solving differential equation of the first level with variable coefficients the law of distribution of bilateral discrete random variable is obtained; the method of identification of basic types of discrete laws of distribution is developed on its basis..

R.V. Popov, V.N. Chernyshov, E.V. Sysoev
Method of Contact-Free Non-Destructive Control over Thermophysical Properties of Solid Materials
Department “Criminalistics and Infromatization of Legal Activity”, TSTU

Key words and phrases: contact-free method of control; thermo-physical properties; non-destructive control; contact-free heat influence; dotted heat resource; heat losses
Abstract: The method of contact-free non-destructive control over thermo-physical properties of solid materials is developed; it enables increasing the accuracy of measuring results due to compensation of heat losses from the surfaces in the environment.

A.A. Veselov
Instrumental System of Modeling Functional Schemes of Digital Devices by Petry’s Nets
Department “ECM”, Tver State Technical University

Key words and phrases: analysis; objects behavior; Petry’s nets; static and dynamic modes.
Abstract: The system of modeling digital electronic equipment DPN-extension of Petry’s nets is proposed. The structure of this system and its features are given as well. The ability of the system to examine the behavior of modeled objects both in static and dynamic modes of operation is noted down.

A.N. Blokhin1, V.G. Matveykin1, Yu.L. Muromtsev2
Making Managerial Decisions in Indefinite Conditions
Departments: “Information Processes in Management” (1), “Design of Radioelectronic Aids and Microprocessor Systems” (2), TSTU

Key words and phrases: choice of optimum solution; correctible decisions; criterion of optimality; measure of certainty; fuzzy sets; measure of uncertainty; function; model of decision-making process; model of the decision-making task; multiple hierarchical analysis; problem situations; rule-orientation
Abstract: Peculiarities of making managerial decisions regarding the tasks and problem situations in gas industry are considered. Two ways of improving decisions reliability are proposed. The first way takes into account different experts’ opinions used in Shortliffe–Buchanan model. The second way is based on distinguishing several stages in the decision-making process and possibility of its correction after each stage.

Chemical and related engineering. Chemistry.

S.I. Dvoretsky1, N.F. Gladyshev2, D.V. Zhdanov1, M.A. Ulyanova2, Yu.A. Ferapontov2
Development of Continuous Resource-Saving Process of Potassium Superoxide Synthesis
Department «Technological Equipment and Progressive Technologies», TSTU (1); TambovNIHI Research Institute (2)

Key words and phrases: potassium superoxide; regenerative product; resource-saving process; synthesis kinetics; spray type apparatus.
Abstract: Potassium superoxide (KÎ2) is one of the most promising basic components of regenerative products used in human toxicity protectors. The proposed method of potassium superoxide recovery is based on chemical interaction of relatively inexpensive reagents: hydrogen peroxide and potassium hydroxide under intensive reagent mixture dehydration. Kinetics of combined physical chemical process of potassium superoxide recovery from potassium peroxide peroxysolvate solution in drying agent current, as well as kinetics of KÎ2 and drying agent vapor interaction and kinetics of KÎ2 decomposition, have been studied experimentally. A continuous energy-saving process of KÎ2 recovery in spray type apparatus has been developed.

L.S. Gordeev, P.I. Lazarev, I.V. Khavrounyak
Optimization of Organic Dye Composition for Film polarizer in the Manufacturing Process
Russian Chemical Technological University after D.I. Mendeleev

Key words and phrases: polymer polarized films; dichroic coloring agents; method of radical basic functions; composition optimization; mixture component.
Abstract: New type of crystalline optical components creates and opportunity to reduce costs and improve the technical characteristics of basic products in the LCD industry. Optical properties of crystalline components depend on chemical composition of initial mixtures of over 30 components. Radical basic functions algorithm provides computational platform for analysis and optimization of multidimensional function. The algorithm can be applied to a wide range of tasks of chemical mixtures optimization.

V.M. Chervyakov1, Yu.V. Vorobyov1, V.F. Yudaev2
Generalized Methodology of Calculating Rotor Apparatus with Regard for Acoustic impulse Cavitation
Department “Theory of Machine Mechanisms and Machine Parts”, TSTU (1); Department “Processes and Apparatuses of Food Industry”, Moscow State University of Technology and Management (2)

Key words and phrases: self-oscillatory mode; zone approach; cavitation criteria; dissolution; initial content of free gas; emulsification.
Abstract: The methodology of calculating rotor apparatuses enabling to increase its working efficiency in self-oscillatory mode under the most intensive cavitation is proposed.

A.F. Brekhov, V.I. Ryazhskikh, A.A. Boger
Heating of Non-Newtonian Media in Plasticizing Extruder Zone
Voronezh State Technological Academy

Key words and phrases: integrated heat transfer; screw canal; non-newtonian liquid.
Abstract: Mathematical model of heat transfer in plasticizing zone of one-screw extruder during non-Newtonian liquid movement with small velocity of deformation is proposed.

; A.I. Sokolsky
Heat-Mass Exchange in Gas-Solid Mixture Flow
Ivanovo State Architecture Construction Academy; Ivanovo State Chemical Technological University

Key words and phrases: mass exchange coefficient; heat emission coefficient; similarity criteria; heat exchange.
Abstract: Experimental data on external heat-mass exchange in whirlwind chamber with ascended flow of gas-dispersible phase are given. Experimental values of heat-mass exchange coefficients are approximated in the form of criteria dependences related to whirlwind apparatus with ascended twirled two-phase gas-dispersible flow.

G.V. Zhmatova1, A.N. Nefedov1, A.S. Gordeev1, A.B. Kilimnik2
Intensification Methods of Extracting Biologically Active Substances from Vegetative Raw Materials
Department of Mechanization and Automation of Manufacturing Processes, MichSAM (1); Department of Chemistry, TSTU (2)

Key words and phrases: intensification of extraction; maceration; percolation; digestion; infusion; boiling; turbo-extraction; mechanical pressing; ultrasound.
Abstract: Theoretical and practical issues of extraction biologically active substances from vegetative raw materials are studied. It is shown that ultrasound influence within the frequency range of 20 KHz – 1,5 MHz is an effective method, which allows extracting practically all known substance from vegetative raw materials. The dependencies of the extraction and destruction degree of extracted biologically active substances on the frequency and intensity of ultrasound as well as molecular mass of processed substances haven’t been found so far.

N.I. Glyantsev, R.I. Burdykina, N.M. Stekolnikova, V.V. Kotov
Electroreduction of Chromate Anions from Diluted Electrolytes Solutions
Department of Chemistry, Voronezh State Agricultural University

Key words and phrases: chromating; chemical absorption; chromate anions; electrolyzing.
Abstract: Data on the mechanism of electroreduction of chromate anions obtained through oscillopolargraphic and spectrophotometric studies are given. The mechanism of reduction depends on ions composition, concentration and acidity of CrO3 solutions. Adsorption of chromate anions and other ions contained in solutions plays a very important role.

Mathematics. Physics

V.V. Vasilyev1, V.E. Ivanov2
Linear-Fractional Functions over the Algebra of Dual Numbers
Department of Higher Mathematics, TSTU (1); Department of Theoretical Physics, Tambov State University after G.R. Derzhavin

Key words and phrases: dual numbers; linear-fractional functions; Gauss decomposition; Iwasawa decomposition.
Abstract: The problem of extending the plane so that every linear-fractional functional defined on it could be defined on the extended plane as an injective mapping is solved.

Machine-building. Building-construction. Material science. Metal-working

I.M. Kurochkin, D.N. Konovalov
Optimization of Design-Mode Parameters of Wheel Propeller with Improved Operation Characteristics
Department “Mechanization of Agriculture”, TSTU

Key words and phrases: slipping; ground grousers; wheel propeller; low carrier capacity; track-formation processes; traction-coupling properties; operation indexes.
Abstract: Matters of decreasing slipping of wheel propellers on the soils with low carrier capability are studied. The results of experimental research into optimization of design-mode parameters of wheel propeller with improved operation characteristics as well as the processed experimental data are given.

Yu.A. Brusentsov, A.M. Minaev, V.A. Pruchkin, L.N. Tyalina
Research into Physical and Technological Properties of Powder Alloy UN14
; Department “Materials and Technology”, TSTU

Key words and phrases: powder metallurgy; magnetic ally; high-temperature measurement of electrical resistance; magnetic gravimetry; pressing; sintering; thermal processing.
Abstract: To optimize manufacturing of sinter alloy UN14 the parameters of powder technology influencing the quality of materials are studied. The liquid phase sintering of polycomponent powder compacts is examined by the method of high-temperature resistometry. The temperature-time intervals of phase transformations in sinter alloy responsible for formation of optimum structure and magnetic properties are determined.

B.N. Khvatov
The Effect of State Parameters of Upper Layer on Corrosion-Fatigue Durability of Hydraulic Turbines Blades and the Choice of Method of their Finish Processing

Department “Machine Engineering Technology, Metal Cut Machines and Tools”, TSTU Key words and phrases: upper layer quality; corrosion-fatigue durability; tape grinding; hydraulic turbines blades; mechanical hardening; residual efforts; surface plastic deformation; corrosion fatigue limit; surface roughness; manual grinding.
Abstract: The review of current hypotheses about the nature of corrosion-fatigue durability as well as the effect of physical and mechanical metal parameters of the parts surface layer is carried out. The results of experimental research into the influence of different methods of mechanical processing in the state of upper layer and corrosion fatigue of hydraulic turbine steel are given, thus enabling to ground scientifically effective method of finish processing of hydraulic turbine blades by tape grinding. The long-term process of hardening by surface plastic deformation to improve the performance characteristics of hydraulic turbine blades is shown.

Diavara Sonda, I.V. Komarov, V.V. Ledenev, Ya.V. Savinov
The Cause of Accidents and Damage to Buildings, Structures and Bearing Constructions (for Central Chernozemye)
Department “Construction of Buildings and Structures”, TSTU

Key words and phrases: accidents; deformation; buildings; damage; structures; building structures
Abstract: The results of visual and instrumental examination of damaged buildings and structures constructed in different engineering and geological conditions have been summed up. The causes of damage to buildings, structures and frames at the stages of examination, design, construction and operation are sytemized.


S.I. Polevshchikov
Economic Efficiency of Sugar Beet Growing at Different Stages of Crop Rotation
Michurinsk State Agricultural University

Key words and phrases: stage; crops rotation; profits; costs; payback.
Abstract: The stages of sugar beet rotation are compared by the product output, its value, costs and net income. It is stated that plough-land stage (plough-land, winter crops, sugar beet, peas) enables to fight against weeds and get rich harvests of grains and sugar beet.

V.V. Mironov
Research into Composition, Properties and Sizes of Composted Mixture Layer
Department “Applied Mechanics and Machines Design”, Michurinsk State Agricultural University

Key words and phrases: aerobic; aeration bioreactor; bio-fermentation; layer height; unit; compost; heat emission; experiment.
Abstract: Dependencies determining border conditions for the size of composted mixture layer in bioreactor of module type are stated. The layer height of the processed material in the bioreactor depends on its physico-mechanical and thermo-physical properties as the minimum layer height of straw-manure mixture with 70 % humidity keeping positive balance of heat is 0.46 m and maximum layer height on condition of keeping pore space is 2.26 m while the concentration of dry manure in the mixture is 0.37?0.4. The process of bio-fermentation lasts 168 hours at the temperature intervals between 53 and 76 °C. The mixture reaches maximum temperature of 76 °C in 22?24 hours. The dependencies of active specific heat emission from humidity and concentration of dry manure in the mixture are stated.

Engineering Pedagogic

E.M. Kolomeitseva, M.N. Makeyeva
Approaches to Writing and Thinking (in English).
Department Foreign Languages, TSTU

Key words and phrases: business report; basic purposes of writing; objectivity, neutrality and observation; purpose in writing; the BULATS Writing Test, visual representations of ideas; writing reports and essays.
Abstract: Major problems of teaching thinking while writing different papers are discussed. It is pointed out that writing papers is a vital part of the educational process because it requires of students intensive study of a limited topic. Therefore it is essential for students to learn the standardized process of writing reports and essays. Some guidelines and basic strategies of preparing for BULATS Writing Test are given. It is stressed that to create a focused and interesting report, it’s necessary to plan carefully. Some tips for using illustrations of details are given. The conclusion is drawn that by maintaining these three attitudes – objectivity, neutrality, and strictness in observation – the writer will be able to make a credible and acceptable report.

I.V. Naletova
Globalization and Internationalization in Present-Day Higher Education
Department of Theoretical and Applied Sociology, TSU after G.R. Derzhavin

Key words and phrases: globalization of higher education; internationalization of education; world educational community; international education; cross-cultural education; multi-culturalism.
Abstract: Present-day processes of globalization influence greatly the development of higher education system worldwide. The relationship between globalization and internationalization of education is the matter of relation between economic and cultural aspects in the development of present day higher education. Internationalization is a long-term process which is becoming more prominent in present-day socio-cultural reality, thus suggesting cross-cultural relationship of educational systems in contradictive conditions of increasing cultural diversity and cultural unification

Economics and social sciences

E.N. Kapitonov1, I.E. Kapitonov2
The Problem of Science and Education Financing in Russia and Germany under Existing Crisis
Department «Machinery and Technology of Machine-Building Industry», TSTU (1); «Montazhspetstroy» Ltd, Tambov (2)

Key words and phrases: globalization of higher education; internationalization of education; world educational community; international education; cross-cultural education; multi-culturalism.
Abstract: Present-day processes of globalization influence greatly the development of higher education system worldwide. The relationship between globalization and internationalization of education is the matter of relation between economic and cultural aspects in the development of present day higher education. Internationalization is a long-term process which is becoming more prominent in present-day socio-cultural reality, thus suggesting cross-cultural relationship of educational systems in contradictive conditions of increasing cultural diversity and cultural unification.

N.V. Cheremisina, G.N. Drobyshev
People’s Subsidiary Small-Holdings as Part of Unobserved Economy of the Region
Povolzhskaya Academy of Government Services after Stolypin

Key words and phrases: illegal sector of economy; informal economic activity; unobserved economy segment; statistical service.
Abstract: The issues of statistical evaluation of shadow economic activity in Russia are of great importance. The study of shadow economy as a social and economic phenomenon is the major task of theoretical and practical science; the solution to this problem will enable to make reasonable managerial decisions both at macroeconomic and regional levels. The paper presents various ideas about the ways of data collection on shadow economy and methods of calculating generalized figures. Some of the results of research into shadow economy are given.

V.V. Zemskov
Statistical Analysis of Cost-Effectiveness Management
Moscow State University of Economics, Statistics and Informatics

Key words and phrases: audit; temporary costs; permanent costs; statistical analysis; management accountancy.
Abstract: Application of statistical and analytical procedures in the course of audit is studied. While preparing and planning the audit based on the fundamentals of general laws of statistics, higher mathematics, probability theory and mathematical statistics it is possible to plan the audit so that the time given for testing and examining would be used with maximum efficiency.

I.G. Pirozhkova
Provincial Town Market îf Building Services in XIX Century (în the Tambov)
Department of “History and philosophy”, TSTU

Key words and phrases: a building services market; a contract; a provincial construction; a town government; an executor of building services; a building bureau.
Abstract: The conditions, characteristics and stages of the development of the capitalistic elements of the building services market in a provincial town (on the base of the material about Tambov) in the 19-th century are analyzed in the article.

N.V. Penshin
About State Regulation of Motor Transport Activity
Department “Transportation Organization and Road Safety”, TSTU

Key words and phrases: market of transportation services; pricing; normative legislative regulation; tax and staff policy.
Abstract: State regulation of motor transport activity in the sphere of motor transportation services as well as in pricing, tax and normative-legislative systems is studied.

N.V. Popkova
Methodology of Philosophical Analysis of Techno Sphere
Bryansk State Technical University

Key words and phrases: technical reality autonomy; global technogenic environment; determination of human life; artificial world; technogenic society; techno sphere.
Abstract: The analysis of global technogenic environment, i.e. techno sphere is examined at two levels – as a notion of general science and philosophical category. The basic tasks solved at these levels are allocated; philosophical sense and necessity of using the term “techno sphere” are grounded.

V.A. Golovashin1, T.V. Makhrachova2
Annunciation of Holy Virgin Theotokos: Terminology, Ceremonials and Convictions
Department “Public Relations”, TSTU (1); Department of the Russian Language, Institute of Philology, TSU after G.R. Derzhavin (2)

Key words and phrases: Annunciation bread; animal and agricultural symbols; a ceremonial; paremiae; celebratory realities; system of punishment and praise.
Abstract: The folk perception and interpretation of the great canonical Church Slavonic feast (Annunciation of Holy Virgin Theotokos) is described. Being one of the key dates in the folk calendar the feast is embodied in all genres and forms of spiritual culture: language, convictions, seasonal customs and folklore words. Various illustrative material collected by the authors themselves is given

I.G. Serova
Gender Category across Languages: at the Crossroads of Linguistic, Natural and Cultural Categorization
Department of the English Philology, TSU after G.R. Derzhavin

Key words and phrases: gender; categorization; cognition; mental representation; language variability.
Abstract: The paper deals with the ways of representation of different kinds of knowledge within the category of gender in European (English, German, Spanish, Russian, etc.) languages. Attention is given to the diversity of this category across languages as well as its synchronic variability in speech with regard to possible gender shift depending on the object of mental representation. In the course of analysis the data of cognitive, psycholinguistic and cross-cultural studies are used.

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