Transactions of the TSTU

Four-Language Scientific-Theoretical and Applied Multidisciplinary Journal

(by the main topics; in the authors alphabet)

Automation. Information. Control. Instruments

Frolov S.V., Frolova M.S.
Telemedicine Technologies Development in Russian Federation
Department «Information Processes and Management», TSTU

Key words and phrases: video-conferencing; mobile telemedicine; teledermatology; telemedicine; telemedicine consulting; telemonitoring; telepathology; teleradiology; digital telephone network ISDN; IP-network.
Abstract: Basic trends in the development of telemedicine technologies in Russian federation are studied. It is shown that the use of telemedicine contributes to the realization of human rights to get medical assistance and reduces the expenditures on medical services in the areas where distance is considered to be critical factor.

V.I. Levin
Some Ideas about the Schedule Theory
Penza State Technological Academy

Key words and phrases: mathematical programming; matrix methods; methods of branches and borders; continuous logical methods; optimization; transposition method; schedule; statistic modeling.
Abstract: Brief review of the development of schedule theory is presented. The author’s view of the long-range trends of this theory is given.

L.S. Gordeev, P.I. Lazarev, I.V. Khavrunyak
Mathematical Division of Overlapped Peaks in Liquid Chromatography
Russian Chemical Technological University after D.I. Mendeleev, Moscow

Key words and phrases: dichroic paints; method of Gauss’s functions approximation; polymer polarization films; ratio between components in a mixture; chromatographic division.
Abstract:The developed method of spectrums’ analysis by means of thin-layer chromatography is based on the approximation of chromatogram peaks. It is suggested that the form of the peak of individual substance can be described analytically, for instance by Gauss’s functions. This approach allows increasing the output abilities of the method and improving the quantitative analysis of the mixture. The developed software can be used for a wide range of problems concerned with analysis of different types of spectrum peaks.

Yu.L. Muromtsev, Z.M. Selivanova
About One Intellectual Operative Method of Non-Destructive Control over Thermal Physical Properties of Solid Materials
Department “Design of Radio-Electronic and Microprocessor Systems”, TSTU

Key words and phrases:intellectual information measurement system; intellectual method; intellectual measuring tester; examined object; thermal physical properties; thermogram
Abstract:The intellectual method of non-destructive control over thermal and physical properties of materials is developed. The given method compared to other ones enables to increase the efficiency of control over thermal and physical properties through determination of optimum quantity of heat impulses given onto the examined object as long as the required heat mode in the area of contact of examined object with the measuring tester is reached.

D.M. Mordasov
Air-Dynamic Numeric Impulse Method of Liquid Density Control
Department “Automated Systems and Devices”, TSTU

Key words and phrases: control; liquid density; air-dynamic; pulsed feed; numeric-impulse.
Abstract: The results of theoretical and experimental research of air-dynamic numeric impulse method of measuring liquid density are given. The method is based on the dependence of pressure alteration in air-dynamic tube on the density during pulsed feed of gas.

A.N. Pchelintsev, A.N. Kasyanov
The Analysis of Dangerous Competitions in Combinational Digital Schemes During Automated Designing
Department “Systems of Automated Designing”, TSTU

Key words and phrases: temporary diagrams; malfunction risk; exponential regression
Abstract: The essence of the algorithm used in the analysis of combinational digital schemes of malfunction risks is revealed through temporary diagrams. The efficiency of its work is grounded.

D.Yu. Muromtsev
Analysis and Synthesis of Optimum Energy-Saving Control. Determinate Systems
Departments: “Information Processes and Control”,
“Design of Radioelectronic Aids and Microprocessor Systems”, TSTU

Key words and phrases: types of optimum control functions; tasks of synthesis of optimum controlled effects; identification of dynamics model; complete analysis of optimum control; program and position strategies; direct and reverse tasks; synthesizing variables.
Abstract: The set of tasks aimed at analysis and synthesis of optimum energy-saving control by standard dynamic objects of different types with regard for possible changes of functioning states in operation is considered. The combination of methods of maximum principle, dynamic programming and synthesizing variables is applied for operative solution of tasks of analysis and synthesis of optimum control. The algorithms of synthesis of optimum controlled effects in real time scope are given.

Chemical and related engineering. Chemistry.

A.A. Koptev, A.V. Shershukov, V.V. Kozodaev
The Solution to the Problem of Liquid Movement Near the Surface of Rotating Disk in Complex Variables
Department “Technical Equipment and Technology of Machine Engineering Industry”, TSTU

Key words and phrases:Navier–Stokes equations; non-dimensional variables; complex variables.
Abstract:The solution of Navier–Stokes equations in cylindrical system of coordinates about the liquid movement near the rotating disk is studied. With the help of T. Karman’s substitution these equations are reduced to non-dimensional form. The solution of the latter has been found analytically within complex variables.

V.Yu. Volynsky, V.E. Mizonov, V.A. Zaitsev, S.B. Sukhanov
Cell Model of Drying Plate with Moving Zone of Vaporization
Ivanovo State Chemical Technological University, Ivanovo State Energetical University

Key words and phrases: vaporization zone; material air-drying; mathematical model of heat and mass transfer; heterogeneous heating; thermo-physical properties of materials; Markov’s chain; cell model.
Abstract: Mathematical model which allows observing the evolution of heat and moisture movement in the form of liquid and vapor inside the plate during heterogeneous heating with any borderline conditions is developed. The model is based on one-dimension Markov’s chain, thus revealing the mechanism of heat and mass transfer between the chain cells as a whole. The given approach contributes to the improvement of accuracy of description of drying process in the material layers.

Yu.V. Litovka, A.M. Elizarov
About the Method of Calculation of Covering Thickness on the Cathode for Chromium Plating Electrolyte with Non-Monotonous Curve of Cathode Polarization
Department “Systems of Automated Design”, TSTU

Key words and phrases: chromium plating; galvanic covering; distribution of covering thickness; nonmonotonic curve of cathodic polarization.
Abstract:The method of calculation of covering thickness distribution on the cathode for electrolytes with non-monotonous polarization curve on the example of chromium plating electrolyte is presented. The method is based on narrowing down the problem of calculation of covering thickness distribution on the cathode to one-criterion task of optimization. The criterion of optimization is the difference between numerical values of current density on the cathode; it is obtained under the Ohm’s law in the differential form and by the equation of cathode polarization curve correspondingly. The given criterion is also used as the selection criterion of non-monotonous polarization curve bough. The suggested method is universal and it should be used both with non-monotonous and monotonous cathode polarization curve. The advantage of the given method is that optimum result within the error limits of the array method is obtained.

V.M. Chervyakov1, V.F. Yudaev2, Yu.V. Vorobyov1, V.A. Alekseev3, L.V. Chicheva-Filatova2, N.I. Akulov2
Operation Modes of Technological Equipment Using Cavitation Stimulation
Department “Theory of Machine Mechanisms and Machine Parts”, TSTU (1); Department “Processes and Apparatuses of Food Industry”, Moscow State University of Technologies and Management (2); Department of Physics, South Ural State University, Chelyabinsk (3)

Key words and phrases: acoustic cavitation; hydrodynamic cavitation; cavitation erosion; cavitation critera; cavitation limit; the measure of cavitation stimulation; cavitation effect.
Abstract: On the basis of theoretical and experimental research the determination of area borders of pre-cavitation, cavitation and super-cavitation operation modes of apparatuses is proposed.

; A.A. Ukolov1, V.N. Dolgunin2, O.O. Ivanov2
Segregation Kinetics of Particle Rapid Gravity Flow
Department of High Mathematics (1), Department of Technological Equipment and Food Technologies (2), TSTU

Key words and phrases: particulate solids; rapid shear flow; segregation kinetics.
Abstract: The problem of describing the segregation kinetics in a rapid gravity flow of particulate solids is analyzed. The experimental and analytical method of segregation coefficient determination during rapid gravity flow of particles is proposed. The method developed is used to analyze the kinetic behaviour of segregation in a rapid shear flow and to correct the equation of segregation kinetics suggested earlier [2]. The forecasting properties of the suggested model of segregation kinetics are investigated when this model is used to determine both the segregation dynamics of particulate mixtures and the velocities of the transverse displacement of single large or small particles in rapid gravity flows of particulate media

S.V. Karpushkin, M.N. Krasnyansky, N.N. Afanasyeva
The System of Selecting Design of a Mechanical Mixing Unit of a Vertical Vessels
Department “Automated Design of Technological Equipment”, TSTU

Key words and phrases: vertical vessels; hydrodynamics environment; parameters of mixing qualities.
Abstract: The system of automated selection of mechanical mixing unit design of a vertical capacitive apparatus including types, number and diameter of mechanical mixers, the frequency of drive’s shaft rotation is represented. The system includes program modules developed in Microsoft Visual Basic as well as database created in Microsoft Access. The example of the system application for determining optimum parameters of mixing device capacity for azopigments production is given.

G.S. Baronin1, M.L. Kerber2, K.V. Shapkin1
Solid-Phase Technology of Polymer Nanomaterials Processing
Department “Theory of Machines, Mechanisms and Machine Parts”, TSTU (1); Department “Technology of Plastics Processing”, Russian Chemical Technological University after D.I. Mendeleev (2)

Key words and phrases: highly developed area of inter-phase surface; critical dispersity; small modifying polymer additive; meta-stable condition; nanometer size; non-equilibrium thermo-dynamics; plastic deformation; polymer alloys; polymer nanomaterial; size effects; solid-phase technology of polymer processing; physical chemical properties; physical mesometrics.
Abstract: Basic requirements for optimum processing conditions and structure of polymer nanomaterials of low shift stability, high plasticity and high physical mechanical properties meeting the requirements of technological processing of thermoplastics under molding pressure in solid phase are formulated on the basis of examination of general relaxation behavior and plasticity properties of a number of polymeric systems. The experimental results are explained in terms of non-equilibrium thermo-dynamic and physical mesomechanics; they are confirmed by the examination of solid phase extrusion and die forging processing

Mathematics. Physics

E.I. Grigolyuk1
, G.M. Kulikov2
Development of the Theory of Elastic Multilayered Plates and Shells
The Institute of Mechanics, MSU after M.V. Lomonosov (1); Department “Applied Mathematics and Mechanics”, TSTU (2)

Key words and phrases: elasticity; kinematic and static hypotheses; multilayered plate and shell.
Abstract: An analysis of works concerning the development of robust models for the elastic multilayered plates and shells is given. The particular attention is paid to the elaboration of non-contradictory models, in which continuity conditions for displacements and transverse stresses at the face surfaces of layers are fulfilled. Besides, the prescribed static and kinematic boundary conditions are also satisfied.

V.I. Barsukov
Examination of Mutual Influence of Base and Determined Element under Atomic Absorption Analysis of Steel on Manganese, Nickel and Chrome
Department of Physics, TSTU

Key words and phrases: atomic absorption; mutual influence; solvents; accuracy and reproducibility; flame type; burning mode.
Abstract: A number of factors influencing the accuracy and reproducibility of atomic absorption determination of metal in the solution were examined in order to develop the methods of direct determination of manganese, nickel and chrome in the steel after their acidic dissolution. The base and its main elements, flame type and its burning mode have an influence on it.

Machine-building. Building-construction. Material science. Metal-working

V.A. Vanin1, O.N. Trifonov2, V.I. Ivanov2
Tread Processing Machines with Internal Hydraulic Links for Cutting Threads with Irregular Pitch
Department “Technology of Machine Engineering, Metal-Cut Machines and Instruments”, TSTU (1); Moscow State Technical University STANKIN (2)

Key words and phrases: hydraulic links; hydraulic pitch drive; module principle of machine design; thread processing machines.
Abstract: The possibility of using hydraulic links on the basis of hydraulic drive in internal forming chains of thread processing machines for cutting thread with irregular pitch in order to increase accuracy, reduce metal consumption, create rational structure of kinematical chain, using module principle of machine design is considered.

S.V. Kochergin1, K.A. Nabatov1, I.V. Korshunov1, M.V. Zuikov2
Warming up of the Combustion Engine by Means of Steam and Gas Generator with Self-Regulating Capac
; Department “Electrical Equipment and Automation”, TSTU (1), Laboratory “Alternative Energy Sources”, GNU VIITiN (2)

Key words and phrases: mathematical modeling; steam and gas generator with self-regulating capacity; warming up of the engine; heat exchange processes.
Abstract: The analysis of heat exchange processes during the warming up of the engine by stem is completed; mathematical model of the process of warming up the engine by self-regulating heat source is developed.

V.P. Yartsev
Ageing and Destruction of Stabilized Thermoplastics in Intense State
Department “Construction of Buildings and Structures”, TSTU

Key words and phrases: destruction; additives; fretting; fragile destruction; activation energy.
Abstract: The union of polymers destruction nature of during processing and operation is shown on the example of thermoplastics with stabilizers of different efficiency; the method of evaluation of stabilizers efficiency in thermoplastics by the amount of their destruction activation energy is proposed.

V.L. Dedov, O.V. Evdokimtsev, V.V. Ledenev
The Effect of Repetitive Loadings on the Deformation Property and Durability of Binder Earth
Department “Construction of Buildings and Structures”, TSTU

Key words and phrases: cycle asymmetry; vertical load; deformation; repetitive load; binder earth; shift load; loading level.
Abstract: The absence of specifications concerning the account of repetitive loadings in calculations of foundations is noted. The course of tests intended to study the effect of repetitive load on the deformation property of binder earth is described. Graphic and empirical dependencies enabling to take into account repetitive load in calculations are proposed.


V.P. Kapustin, S.A. Kunakov
The Estimation of Uniformity of Sunflower Distribution in Rows
Department “Mechanization of Agriculture”, TSTU

Key words and phrases: sunflower; losses; distribution
Abstract: The results of examining uniformity of plants distribution in rows and its influence on losses during sunflower harvesting by means of devices PSP 1,5 and 34-103 A are given.

S.I. Polevshchikov
Bio-Energetic Efficiency of Sugar Beet Growing
Michurinsk State Agricultural University

Key words and phrases: humus; fallow; productivity; sugar beet; energy.
Abstract: Material, energy and labor resources are used in manufacturing of any product. The criterion is coefficient of energy efficiency, i.e ratio between energy output of total biomass and over-all expenditures of cumulative anthropogenic energy spend on growing crops. The average and above-average level of the coefficient of growing sugar beet in parts with green manure and black bare fallow is determined.

Engineering Pedagogic

N.P. Putchkov
To the problem of strategic planning of educational activities in higher educational institutions

Key words and phrases: educational activity; quality of education; specialist marketing; strategic priorities; strategic planning; quality assurance system.
Abstract: Some approaches to the solution of educational activities strategic planning problems aroused due to the Russia joining of Bologna Agreement are discussed. Role of specialist marketing complex both in the system of strategic planning and in the quality assurance system is shown. Interpretation of documents defining the content of strategic development plan of university educational activity is given.

N.V. Molotkova1, A.O. Khrennikov2
Didactic Grounds of Designing the System of Professional Training in Organization and Safety of Transportation
Departments: “Technology and Organization of Commercial Activity” (1), “Mechanization of Agriculture” (2), TSTU

Key words and phrases: didactic grounds of training; organization and safety of transportation; organization of professional training.
Abstract: system of professional training in organization and safety of transportation in technical university are developed The analysis of the system of organization and safety of transportation and its staff maintenance is completed. The number of significant contradictions in the organization of professional training is revealed. Didactic grounds for designing the system of professional training in organization and safety of transporttation in technical university are developed.

A.V. Romanenko1, A.I. Popov2
Application of the Systems of Remote Automated Training while Forming Specialist’s Creative Competence
Departments: “Systems of Automated Designing” (1), “Technical Equipment and Technology of Machine Engineering Industry”, TSTU, Central Management Group of All-Russian Students Olimpiad (2)

Key words and phrases: specialists’ creative competence; Olympiad movement; creativity; remote automated training; Olympiad virtual micro-group; principle of motivational readiness.
Abstract:Theoretical and methodical aspects of arranging the system of students’ Olimpiad movement using information technologies as a means of forming specialists’ creative competence are studied.

E.M. Kolomeitseva, M.N. Makeyeva
The Teacher’s Behavior While Conducting a Role Play
Department Foreign Languages, TSTU

Key words and phrases: conference; conversation; evaluation of progress; teachers’ behavior; principle of involvement; role play.
Abstract: Some strategies of teachers’ conduct during a role play are studied. In detail it is spoken about advantages of holding conferences to discuss work done or still in progress. It is stressed that conferences are a good way of evaluating students’ progress and teachers should observe the principle of involvement while holding them. In conclusion some examples of role plays are given.

Economics and social sciences

E.N. Kapitonov1, I.E. Kapitonov2
To the History of Manufacturing Shaper-Vulcanizers for Tire Industry in Tambov
Department “Technical Equipment and Technology of Machine Engineering Industry”, TSTU «Montazhspetsstroy» Ltd, Tambov (2)

Key words and phrases: : the history of technical equipment; shaper-vulcanizer; tire industry.
Abstract: The history of development of shaper-vulacanizers manufacturing used in tire industry at the plant “Tambovpolymermash” is studied.

S.V. Mishchenko, S.A. Pakhomova, S.V. Ponomarev, L.I. Savelyeva, V.A. Samodurov
Experts’ Evaluation of Expenditures on Quality of Educational Services of Technical Universities
Department “Automated Systems and Devices”, TSTU

Key words and phrases: quality management system; educational services; experts’ evaluation.
Abstract: Experts’ evaluation of expenditures on quality of educational services in technical universities is given. The carried out work is based on the classification of expenditures according to the model PAF. Plans for further work aimed at collecting factual data on the expenditures on quality in educational institutions are formulated.

V.V. Zharikov
Main Trends in Industrial Enterprises Adaptation to New Economic Situation
Department of Economics and Management, TSTU

Key words and phrases: formation algorithm; adaptive behavior; domestic markets; matrix structure; monitoring and forecasting; industrial enterprise; financial situation.
Abstract: Background and algorithm of formation of adaptive behavior of industrial enterprises in competitive media are considered; matrix structure of managing products in domestic markets and the method of forecasting marginal sales level are proposed

A.I. Borodin
About the Problem of Long-Term Environment-Oriented Development of Economy
“TOPS Business Integrator” Ltd, Moscow

Key words and phrases: long-term environment-oriented development; macro-generations; non-equilibrium processes; integral nature resources.
Abstract: Long-term environment-oriented macro-economic development as the development of national economy without causing damage to the environment results from continually repetitive non-equilibrium processes of technological innovative changes. They are made by evolution of macro-generations and can maintain and improve the economic development in conditions of limited integral nature resources.

N.V. Cheremisina, G.N. Drobyshev
About the Performance of Sole Traders and their Role for Informal Trade of the Region
Povolzhskaya Academy of Civil Service after Stolypin, Saratov

Key words and phrases: quantitative reflection of performance in side and informal sectors of economy; latent phenomena; strategic calculation of concealment and under-accounting; side economy.
Abstract: Informal economic relations are widely spread in different areas of modern Russian society. However, side economic processes are becoming of wider scale in retailing. Although these processes are intangible, the problems of size of side economy and its connection with “observed” economy are always in the focus of economists’ attention, especially statisticians, using the methodology of mass phenomena evaluation. The given article presents another attempt of statistic measurement of informal trade on the example of Tambov region.

L.V. Minko
Monitoring in the System of Structural Investment Policy of the Region
Department “Companies Management”, TSTU

Key words and phrases: monitoring of structural development and investment attractiveness of regional branches; structural investment policy; branch investment flows.
Abstract: The methodology of estimating structural development and investment attractiveness of regional branches is developed; it contributes to revealing “Points of growth” of regional development and maximum mobilization of internal and external investment resources. The proposed methodology is of great significance for depressed regions, which suffer from lack of investment resources.

E.B. Gerasimova
Analytical Procedures of Managing Credit Organization
Financial Academy under the Government of RF, Moscow

Key words and phrases: measurement; credit organization; corrective actions; observation; testing; standards; management; economic analysis.
Abstract: Analytical procedures of managing the credit organization are systemized, they allow to form the directions of economic analysis of credit organization.

D.G. Seltser1, M.D. Crosston2
Mutating Power: Tracking the Changes in Authority of the Sub-Regional Communist Party Nomenclature During Late-Stage Soviet and Post-Soviet Socialism (1985-2005)*
Tambov State University after G.R. Derzhavin (1) ; Clemson University, USA (2)

Key words and phrases: Gorbachev; Local and Regional Communist Party nomenclature; Perestroika; Soviet and Post-Soviet power transition.
Abstract: What had happened to the KPSS nomenclature since the beginning of the Gorbachev’s perestroika? To answer this question, a comparative study of seven Russian regions, a unique research project in Russian political science agenda, has been launched. Post-Soviet career path of the top municipal and regional secretaries of the Communist Party had developed along six trajectories.

V.G. Kulikov
Modification of Syllable Formation Schemes in Dialects of English
Department of English Philology, TSU after G.R. Derzhavin

Key words and phrases: the English language variants; dialectology; cognitive linguistics; phonology.
Abstract: Conceptual nature of phonological units resides in the schematic principle of their organization. Syllable schemas, which determine syllable structures in a linguistic system of a dialect, show various degrees of salience and entrenchment. Syllable schemas in English dialects have different degree of entrenchment in terms of filled-onset requirement, the ‘r’-insertion schema being the most variable. The article argues the ‘r’-insertion schema emerged from the shared-consonant schema. Once a separate schema, it governs new phonological contexts in ‘r’-less dialects of English.

S.Yu. Dubrovina
Methodology of Research into Lexis on the Basis of Micro-Fields Modeling
Department of Linguistics, TSU after G.R. Derzhavin

Key words and phrases: denotative status; lexical semasiological analysis; methodology; micro-field; popular Orthodoxy; semantic field; denotation status; formal structural description; Christian lexis.
Abstract: The paper presents the analysis of lexis on the basis of the theory of lexico-semantic micro-fields. The study focuses on a wide collection of Christian lexis in the Russian language representing popular Orthodoxy in literary Russian and its dialects. The reflection of religious continuum of the Russian language with its motives, situations and events has always been of interest with the general public but hasn’t been studied linguistically. Russian philology has traditionally been oriented to old and archaic forms of the Old Slavonic language bun not colloquial lexis of popular Orthodoxy. This material presentation itself is a big problem which is difficult to solve. The need for studying semantic fields of Christian lexis within the selected ethno-linguistic approach is well-grounded.

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