' Transactions of the TSTU
Transactions of the TSTU

Four-Language Scientific-Theoretical and Applied Multidisciplinary Journal

(by the main topics; in the authors alphabet)

Automation. Information. Control. Instruments

A.P. Afanasyev, S.M. Dzyuba, S.M. Lobanov
The Institute of System Analysis RAS, Moscow (1); TSU after G.R. Derzhavin (2)

Key words and phrases:control over non-linear systems using quadric criterion; non-local continuation of estimation; solution estimation; successive approximation.
Abstract: The method for obtaining solution estimation of control over non-linear systems using quadric criterion is suggested. It is given in the form of non-linear law of feedback control. The matter of non-local continuation of such estimation is considered.

I.S. Konstantinov, V.T. Eremenko
Orel State Technical University

Key words and phrases: information exchange; threat search; planning of the target achievement.
Abstract: Functioning of various distributed control systems is purposeful. Typical act of such functioning is the solution of the problem of planning of the target achievement in the state space of information exchange. The task of threat search in the state space of information exchange is formulated, analysis of direct search algorithms is presented, the inner structure of distributed control systems in the form of virtual complexes and hierarchical processes is given.

A.K. Skuratov, D.S. Bezrukavny
Informika IT and Telecommunication National Research Institute, Moscow (1); Moscow State University of Woods (2), Moscow

Key words and phrases: statistic analysis; telecommunication network; traffic analysis; network administration; spectrum characteristics; temporal row.
Abstract: Being important for improving the quality of information transfer, matters of quick diagnosis of traffic features in IP-networks are studied. To solve the tasks of network administration, monitoring of routers and other equipment of trunk networks, and reveal system abnormal behavior or network disturbance the network state is analyzed. The type of network disturbance, unreasonable growth or drop in traffic intensity, changes in stationary character of traffic, excessive increase in intensive use of single network parts, etc., are revealed. The solution of such problems is often based on subjective methods used in the long course of work. Software means enabling to automate this process is described in the paper.

V.I. Levin
Penza State Technological Academy

Key words and phrases: interval logic; fuzzy set; super-fuzzy set; solutions in terms of uncertainty.
Abstract: Generalization of Zade fuzzy set is proposed in case the basic notion – the extent of element’s belonging to the set – is characterized by some ambiguity. Interval ambiguity and interval logic are used for generalizing.

V.F. Kalinin, V.M. Ivanov, E.A. Pechagin, D.N. Limonov, A.N. Uvarov
Department “Electrical Equipment and Automation”, TSTU

Key words and phrases: measuring calculating system; moire pattern; experimental data processing; electronic microscopic means; electronic optical system.
Abstract: Application of the method of moire patterns obtained through electronic microscopic means enables to have topography of magnetic field of any configuration. The suggested method allows faulty and proper items to be sorted by coefficients of symmetry and square of dark parts of moire pattern.

V.M. Fokin, V.N. Chernyshov
Departments: “Heat Engineering”, Volgograd State University of Architecture and Construction (1); “Criminal Law and Legal Activity Informatization”, TSTU (2)

Key words and phrases: non-destructive control; symmetrical heating; temperature conductivity of the material; ordered heat mode.
Abstract: Based on the solution of boundary task of heat conductivity for symmetrical heating or cooling of prism square section the model describing the mechanism of ordered heat mode is developed. It excludes the influence of outer destabilizing factors, heat exchange coefficient, the level of blackness, etc., on the result of determining temperature conductivity of examined objects.

V.S. Kudryashov, M.V. Alekseev, S.Yu. Kitaev
Department of Information and Control Systems, Voronezh State Technological Academy

Key words and phrases: automated synthesis of adjustment; digital control; extractive rectification
Abstract: Software for automated adjustment of boundaries of digital control over continuous technological processes is developed. Functions of software packages and synthesis stages are described. It is done on the example of the system of digital temperature regulation in the column of hydrocarbon extractive rectification.

A.A. Bolshakov
Saratov State Technical University

Key words and phrases:intelligent hybrid control; organizational technical system; control system.
Abstract: The new class of control systems – organizational technical systems – is considered. The use of hybrid intelligent control methods for organizational technical systems is grounded. The universal heuristic method of control over such systems is proposed, the examples of its application are given.

I.I. Pasechnikov
Tambov Military Aviation Engineering Institute

Key words and phrases: nformation “train” cargo extraction; cybernetic power; co-variant derivative; cohesion coefficients; parallel transfer; space of communication channels states; space way; adjacent state.
Abstract: Based on the geometrization of informational processes in digital communication networks the essence of cohesion coefficients in information path of networks space is revealed. The mutual influence of routing, multiple access and transfer protocols is shown. The change of loaded network state dependent on cohesion of space way is determined.

Chemical and related engineering. Chemistry

N.Z. Gatapova, V.I. Konovalov, A.N. Koliukh, A.N. Pakhomov
Department “Chemical Engineering” (Processes and Apparatuses of Chemical Technology), TSTU

Key words and phrases: conductive drying; dispersion drying; fabric drying; migration of attenuated particles; surface evaporation; temperature plateaux; volume pseudo-boiling.
Abstract: Processes of conductive drying of fabric materials and liquid dispersions in heated drums under temperatures lower and higher than 100 ?C are studied. The peculiarities of temperature plateaux on the kinetic drying curves are shown. The possibility of using engineering calculations of conductive drying of these materials is proved.

V.M. Dmitriev, L.S. Tarova, E.A. Sergeyeva, S.P. Rudobashta
Department «Environmental Protection», TSTU

Key words and phrases: grain materials; micro-grains; efficient diffusion coefficient.
Abstract: Zone method of solving diffusive tasks is described. The mechanism of determining diffusion coefficient for polydisperse materials is given. The necessity accounting for real polydispersity of grain materials to determine diffusive characteristics and kinetic calculation of mass transfer process is shown.

S.A. Sakulin
Moscow State Technical University after N.E. Bauman

Key words and phrases: analysis of technological process; wavelet-analysis; wavelet-transforming; mathematical signal processing; fuzzy logic; textile half – finished product – combed sliver.
Abstract: Methods of determining parameters, containing useful information during mathematical processing of the signal of linear density of textile half-finished product with the help of spectrum analysis and wavelet transforming are considered. The mechanism of analyzing technological process, product quality and diagnosing equipment on the basis of image identification is proposed.

V.I. Bychenock, N.V. Mozgovoy
Department «Hydraulics and Heat Engineering», TSTU (1); Department «Heat Engineering and Industrial Heat Power Engineering, Vorinezh State Technical University (2)

Key words and phrases: thermal-hydroacoustic resistance; Lyapunov’s method; Lagrangian method; pulsating combustion apparatuses.
Abstract: The problem of calculating thermal-hydroacoustic resistance of autooscilating perturbed motion of reacting gas in combustion chambers of heat engineering plants is considered. This motion is the result of influence of acoustic and heat perturbation on working body. In order to determine the borders of resistance the possibility of finding Lyapunov’s function and Lagrangian function is analyzed. Comparative analysis of their application to the processes in power engineering plants is carried out. It is shown that Lagrangian method can be successfully used for determining borders of thermal-hydroacoustic resistance in pulsating combustion apparatuses with aerodynamic valve. The equation for calculating resonance frequency is obtained on the basis of this method. The equation enables to solve the problem of optimization of geometric sizes as well.

S.I. Dvoretsky, A.A. Yermakov, A.S. Gurova
Department of Technological Equipment and Food Technology, TSTU (1); Tambov NIHI Research Institute (2)

Key words and phrases: argillaceous minerals; effective diffusion coefficient; granular zeolite sorbent; mechanical resistance to crushing; sorption structural and physical chemical properties.
Abstract: The paper discusses basic regularities of forming maintenance characteristics of granular zeolite sorbents (GZS) dependent on physical chemical, structural mechanical and sorption structural properties of argillaceous cohesive substances used in obtaining zeolite sorbents. Mechanisms of diffusion and formation of CZS resistance characteristics as well as semi-empirical expressions for calculating effective diffusion coefficients of adsorbate apors and sorbent resistance are considered. Quantitative evaluations of used in drying GZS have been obtained. It has been established that the mineral nature and efficient unit surface are the main features of argillaceous cohesive substances that influence the formation of GZS maintenance characteristics. In addition, a number of specific factors having significant influence over GZS maintenance properties are mentioned and discussed.

V.E. Petrenko, N.A. Abakumova, M.L. Antipova,
Yu.M. Kessler,
A.V. Borovkov, O.V. Ved
Department of Chemistry, TSTU (1); Institute of Solutions Chemistry RAN, Ivanovo (2)

Key words and phrases: potentials of double influence; hydrogen bonds; radial distribution functions.
Abstract: Empiric double water potentials accounting for non-electrostatic constituent of hydrogen bond are studied. The sensitivity of obtained through computer experiment functions of radial distribution to this constituent is analyzed. Model potentials in which location and height of the first and second peaks of radial distribution oxygen-hydrogen function coincide with experimental ones are obtained.

Mathematics. Physics

G.M. Kulikov, S.V. Plotnikova
Department of Applied Mathematics and Mechanics, TSTU

Key words and phrases: anisotropy; thickness locking; first-order multilayered shell theory.
Abstract: The new geometrically exact multilayered shell models are considered. These models are based on the objective strain-displacement relationships represented in the local curvilinear coordinates and, therefore, may be used for the formulation of effective curved multilayered shell elements. However, the practical use of such elements require the development of constitutive equations, in order to overcome Poisson thickness and volumetric locking phenomena. For this purpose three types of the material stiffness matrix are studied.

V.I. Barsukov
Department of Physics, TSTU

Key words and phrases: atomic adsorption; steel composition analysis; detection of molybdenum and tungsten.
Abstract: The mechanism of direct detecting molybdenum and tungsten in steel after their acid dissolving is developed. The factors influencing the accuracy and repeatability of atomic adsorption detecting of metals in solution, such as influence of the basis and the number of accompanying elements, the choice of the flame type and the mode of its combustion are investigated.

Machine-building. Building-construction. Material science. Metal-working

V.P. Yartsev, M.V. Dolzhenkova
Department “Construction of Buildings and Structures”, TSTU

Key words and phrases: bitum; life cycle; roof; kinetic concept; physical constants; maintenance factors.
Abstract: The influence of load and temperature on the life cycle of soft roof materials is studied. From the point of kinetic concept of durability the regularities of their destruction are found out and values of physical constants for all types of bitum compositions are obtained. The express-method of forecasting life cycle of soft roof materials with the account of factual operating conditions is proposed.

V.V. Ledenev, V.P. Emelyanov, Ya.V. Savinov
Department “Construction of Buildings and Structures”, TSTU

Key words and phrases: destruction mechanism; initial defects; wall panels; empirical dependencies.
Abstract: The results of investigation of a great number of large-panel buildings in the town are analyzed. The most typical wall damages are revealed. The methods of account of the defect parameters on the permanent strength of carrier walls are given. The destruction mechanisms of wall structures are studied. Functional dependencies between model carrier capacity, types, and parameters of defects are determined.

V.I. Ledenev, I.V. Matveeva, A.M. Makarov
Department «Civil Engineering and Road Construction», TSTU
Represented by a Member of Editorial Board Professor V.I. Konovalov

Key words and phrases: average length of free run of sound beams; industrial rooms; factor of a sound absorption; time of reverberation; industrial rooms.
Abstract: The process equipment, placed in manufacturing buildings, essentially influences the process of formation of reflected noise fields of rooms. The presence of the equipment results in reduction of an average length of free path of sound beams and change of average factors of a sound absorption of a room. In the end it has an influence on distribution of sound-levels pressure. The report deals with the technique of an estimation of average factors of a sound absorption inside the premises with the equipment based on use of method of ray tracing.

Zh.A. Zarandiya, V.D. Rogachev, V.V. Nechayev
Department «Electric Equipment and Automation», TSTU (1); Department «Electrical Equipment», Ryazan Militatry Automobile Institute (2)

Key words and phrases: automobile generating plants; electronic voltage regulators; Lissajous figures.
Abstract: The possibility of diagnosing alternating current generator and voltage regulator without starting the internal combustion engine is revealed.

A.A. Amelyantz, A.S. Kulikov
epartment “Urban Planning”, Moscow Institute of Architecture (1); Department “Architecture and Buildings Constriction”, TSTU (2)

Key words and phrases: architecture–society–ensemble; architectural ensemble; object interpretation; world outlook–world perception–world attitude.
Abstract: Stages, principles, and sequence of architectural ensemble creation, interaction of creator (architect), object (ensemble), and society are considered.

Engineering pedagogic

S.I. Dvoretsky, E.I. Muratova, O.V. Syuzina, O.O. Ivanov
Department “Technological Equipment and Food Technology”, TSTU

Key words and phrases: state standard of professional training; quality of professional training; mechanism of designing contents of educational program; national regional component; food biotechnology; educational methodological unit.
Abstract: The role of state educational standards of higher professional education (SES HPE) in training competitive higher technical specialists is studied. To complete national regional component of SES HPE recommendations of educational methodological unit on education in the area of raw materials and animal foods are given. The mechanism of designing the contents of national regional component of SES HPE for the speciality “Food Biotechnology” is proposed. It accounts for peculiarities of food and processing industries of the region, scientific, educational-methodological and financial potential of TSTU. Based on the system approach to selection and structuring the contents of educational program the technique of designing academic plan is developed. Brief characteristic of compulsory and optional courses is given.

E.I. Trofimova
Department of Physics, Eletz State University after I.A. Bunin

Key words and phrases: pedagogical designing; professional pedagogical education; information educational techniques.
Abstract: The problem of increasing quality of professional teacher’s training is studied. One of the possible ways of solving this problem is information educational technique of professional pedagogical training. Basic principles of designing the following techniques: as integrity, selection of professionally significant information, normality, adequacy of teaching means to the level of information technology development are formulated.

E.V. Riabtseva, A.A. Gvozdeva, L.P. Tsilenko
Department Foreign Languages, TSTU
Represented by Professor M.N. Makeyeva and a Member of Editorial Board Professor V.I. Konovalov

Key words and phrases: cloze tasks; cloze elide; c-tests; information transfer technique; multiple – choice questions (MCQs); selective deletion gap filling; short answer questions.
Abstract: In this article the advantages and disadvantages of constructing tests and test items are pointed out to control student’s foreign language ability. Here are introduced the most frequently used test items and the principles of their writing.

Economics and social sciences

V.V. Bykovsky
Department "Company Management", TSTU

Key words and phrases: concept; investments; policy; region.
Abstract: On the example of Tambov region the most important matters of forming investment policy of the region are considered. Main factors and conditions governing the mechanism of control over development and implementation of investment policy are analyzed.

G.G. Serebrennikov
Department “Economics and Management”, TSTU

Key words and phrases: controlled company environment; company macro-environment; company micro-environment.
Abstract: Hypothesis about optimum size of controlled business environment of controlled company environment is put forward. Optimum size of controlled company environment is virtual image of the macro-environment structure. If extra elements are included in the image of macro-environment structure, controlled company environment becomes unstable and then chaotic. This hypothesis is tested on the practical material of business diversification in the 1950s in the USA.

E.L. Pashnanov
Kalmykiya State University, Elista, Republic of Kalmykiya

Key words and phrases: agroindustrial complex; regional economy; program-target forecasting.
Abstract: Problems of social-economic development of the republic of Kalmykia, matters of employment and increasing profits of village population are studied.

L.V. Minko
Department “Company Management”, TSTU

Key words and phrases: investment attractiveness of branches; investment climate; rating evaluation; information infrastructure of investment activity; multidimensional analysis; branch investment flows; quality parameter of system functioning; structural-investment policy.
Abstract: Problems of information control over implementation of structural-investment policy of depressed region are studied. The methods of evaluation of investment attractiveness of regional branches are proposed. Using the data of Tambov Regional Committee of Statistics the system of parameters enabling to complete detailed complex analysis of economic state of branches and find out factual priorities formed in the process of structural transformation of the economy over the years of marketing reforms is developed.

V.N. Zaichenko, I.V. Khrapov
Northern Caucasus Military District (1); Analytical Center of Economic Development TSTU (2)

Key words and phrases: life cycle; expenses; life cycle model; full cost of ownership; effectiveness criterion.
Abstract: Definition of operation effectiveness of hydrocarbon fuel bases on the basis of full cost of ownership is proposed; life cycle model is introduced; expenses at the stages of life cycle of hydrocarbon fuel bases are detailed; the task of operation optimization of hydrocarbon fuel bases on the proposed criterion is formulated.

V.V. Smagina
Department of Accounting, Analysis and Audit, TSU after G.R. Derzhavin

Key words and phrases:implementation of economic interests; formation of economic interests; economic interests.
Abstract: Model of forming economic interests in post-industrial society is represented. The basis of the model is demands of managed subjects of “new economy” which are regarded as essential. The model consists of the sequence of blocks: motive, target, experience, resources, activity.

O.A. Katzuk
Department of World Economics, TSU after G.R. Derzhavin

Key words and phrases:employment; employment regulation; social-economic relations.
Abstract: Methodological matters of the system regulation of social-economic relations, employment; different levels of its functioning, analysis of human resources are studied.

V.D. Mamontov
Department of Institutional Economics, TSU after G.R. Derzhavin

Key words and phrases:state support of business; state influence on small business development; small business; small business and modern world; the objective of small business in post-industrial society; effectiveness of state support.
Abstract: Methods of state regulation, control and development of small business are studied. Statistical analysis of dynamic development of small business in Russia is given.

Yu.A. Karmyshev
Department of Economic Theory, TSU after G.R. Derzhavin

Key words and phrases: depressed region; innovative-active enterprises; innovative development; production factors; economic factors.
Abstract: Peculiarities and trends of innovative-active developnet of managed subjects of Tambov region as one of the depressed regions of Russia are shown. Main factors causing and preventing innovative development of the region are highlighted.

N.V. Penshin
Department “Organization of Transport and Road Safety”, TSTU

Key words and phrases:automobile transport; state regulation; transporting services market; market mechanisms.
Abstract: Brief analysis of licensing of automobile transport in Tambov region and analysis of preventive measures against road casualties is given. Trends in state regulation of automobile transport operation are studied.

R.V. Kosov
Department of Theory and History of State and Law, TSTU

Key words and phrases:state power; limitation of power arbitrariness; political-legal doctrine; the principle of power sharing; sovereignty of state power.
Abstract: Main points of the theory of power are given in the paper on the basis of wide theoretical material. The essence of this complex, versatile phenomenon is revealed through the description and characteristic of political-legal principle of power sharing, which contains ideological, scientific and practical elements. The author uses three approaches to explanation of this principle content. In terms of conditionally-functional approach the problem of state power sovereignty is solved, the problem of possible limitation of power arbitrariness and harmonization of social links is studied.

V.B. Bezgin
Department of History and Philosophy, TSTU

Key words and phrases: village warden; volost foreman; volost clerk; uryadnik.
Abstract: The attitude of peasantry to village power and its representatives is analyzed on the basis of wide set of archive sources. Peasants’ routine perception of elected and official members’ activity at the level of village and volost is found out.

K.A. Abdyrov
Euroasian National University after L.N. Gumilev, Astana, Kazakhstan

Key words and phrases: slamic world, Muslim self-conscientiousness; Muslim religion.
Abstract: Matters and prospects of Muslim civilization and statehood are studied.

P.P. Shcherbinin
Department of Russian History, TSU after G.R. Derzhvin

Key words and phrases: Russian folklore; soldier’s wife; military class; routine life; recruit crying; proverbs and sayings; Russian soldier.
Abstract: Peculiarities of reflection of routine life of soldiers’ families in Russian folklore in the XIX centuries are studied. The analysis is completed and essential features of folklore and judicial traditions as well as specificity of social-cultural physiognomy of soldiers’ families in contemporaries’ mood are revealed.

N.V. Ushkova
Department of German Philology, TSU after G.R. Derzhavin

Key words and phrases: substantive style; analytical language type; functional verb; semi-auxiliary verb; semantically empty and information full verbs; paraphrases of analytical type; image substantive descriptions.
Abstract: Analytical predicative structures in the German language are studied. The object of research is substantive-predicative word combinations of analytical type which are denoted as word combinations of functional verbs in terms of German grammar theory and studied in the course of the German language development. Information full functional verbs and their structures are in the focus of attention since they haven’t been properly studied so far. Language units are described from the point of semasiology; their pragmatic peculiarities are highlighted, thus providing new ways of their systemization. Both traditional and innovative approaches to the research of language analytism are used.

T.V. Makhracheva, V.A. Golovashin
Department of the Russian Language, Institute of Philology, TSU after G.R. Derzhavin (1); Department of Public Relations, TSTU (2)

Key words and phrases: lexico-semantic paradigm; folk calendar; dry lightning; fast; person keeping to fast.
Abstract: Lexico-semantic paradigm dry/damp on the example of folk calendar, distributive relations of the root suh-/sush derivatives are studied in the context of spiritual culture. Lexical impaction and semantic motivation of the root productivity which is formed in peasants’ minds due to traditions and customs of Russian people are shown. Rich field and archival material on Southern Russian provinces enables to reveal cultural connotations, mythological motivations and symbols of lexical layer of folk calendar.

N.V. Novikova
Department of Linguistics, TSU after G.R. Derzhavin

Key words and phrases: ancient Russian language; models of future; time semantics; middle ages person; forecasting future.
Abstract: Foreseeing images of the future of ancient annalists are studied. They are shown as one of the most important ways of representing the future in Middle Ages.

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