Transactions of the TSTU

Four-Language Scientific-Theoretical and Applied Multidisciplinary Journal

(by the main topics; in the authors alphabet)

Automation. Information. Control. Instruments

Technology of creation of the electronic multi-purpose databank
S.Ya. Egorov, K.A. Sharonin, K.V. Nemtinov, G.I. Andreev
Department “Automated Design of Processing Equipment”, TSTU;
Represented by a Member of the Editorial Board Professor V.I. Konovalov

Key words and phrases: COM-technology; databases; remote access.
Abstract: This article describes a technology for creation of electronic multi-purpose databank. The structure of the database is considered as an example database of chemical equipment. The possibility of rendering graphics using COM-object Volo View Control is considered. The article describes the structure of web-interface to ac-cess electronic databanks on the basis of technology AJAX.

V.G. Matveykin, B.S. Dmitrievsky, I.S. Panchenko
Department "Information Processes and Management", TSTU;

Key words and phrases: innovative production system; management of innovative production system; status functioning graph.
Abstract: The paper discusses the problem of management of innovative production system and designing of its management system. The structure of the management system of innovative production system is suggested.

On the Influence of Functioning State of Data Protection Tools on the Efficiency of Monitoring of Bank Information Security Incidents
S.V. Popov, V.N. Shamkin
Department “Designing of Radioelectronic and Microprocessor Systems”, TSTU;

Key words and phrases: efficiency; functioning state; information security; information security event; information security incident; monitoring.
Abstract: On the basis of the analysis of influence of various factors on the efficiency of monitoring of information security incidents in the automated bank system the paper justifies the necessity of the subsystem development, enabling to raise the level of security of the confidential information.

The Procedure of Techno Security Expert Knowledge Transfer into Computer Expert System
N.S. Popov, N.V. Luzgacheva, A. Khairy
Department “Nature Management and Environment Protection”, TSTU;

Key words and phrases: accessory function; expert system; knowledge formalization; safety expert examination.
Abstract: The paper proposes a procedure for transferring expert knowledge into the knowledge base of computer expert system. The concepts of expertise of objects and their categories are introduced. The algorithms for constructing accessory functions for different categories of objects are suggested. The connection between accessory function and penalty function for risk factors during the examination of industrial enterprises is substantiated. The examples of the Guide of Dow Chemical, confirming the efficiency of the procedure are given.

Express Control of Liquids Viscosity
M.M. Golosnitskaya, M.M. Mordasov
Department “Quality Control and Certification”, TSTU;

Key words and phrases: bubble method; express control; liquid; measuring tube; viscosity.
Abstract: The paper presents theoretical and experimental study of the effect of viscosity on the time of bubble formation in the measuring tube after its rotation by 180°. Express method of measuring viscosity of liquids at the time of gas bubbles formation in the measuring tube is considered. The paper proposes the device that implements the developed bubble express method. The accuracy of the proposed device is estimated.

Assessment of Resources of Information Processing System in Information Management
Î.V. Lukyanov1, E.S. Smirnov2, I.V. Khrapov2
ZAO NPF “DIEM” (1), St. Petersburg;
Analytical Center for Economic Development TSTU (2);

Key words and phrases: efficiency of primary activity; information processing; information management; use of resources.
Abstract: The article considers the indirect criterion of information processing link with the performance indicators of primary activity. It considers different versions of growth performance of information system. The characteristics of data processing systems are analyzed. We propose an approach to establish a practical methodology to assess the utilization of information processing for information management.

Diagnosis and Forecast of Structures of Natural Radiation of Cloud Types for Monitoring of Pollution
M.I. Allenov, A.V. Artyukhov, D.N. Tretyakov
GU “NPO “Taifun”, Obninsk, Kaluga region;

Key words and phrases: clouds; form; parameterization; radiation; radiometer; scanning; sky; spatial.
Abstract: The paper presents the parameterization results of spatial-temporal structures of clouds self-radiation for monitoring of their pollution. Data on the spatial-temporal structure of clouds radiation were obtained using an automated system for the objective parameterization of clouds shape and fraction.

Optimization of Orientation Gyroscopes in Block with Algorithmic Compensation of Errors
V.V. Aleshkin
Department “Instrumentation”, Saratov State Technical University, Saratov;

Key words and phrases: algorithmic compensation; block of gyroscopes; methodic errors; optimization of orientation; quadratic criterion; simulation results.
Abstract: The paper presents the solution to the problem of determining the axes orientation of the three gyroscopes in the block by minimizing the quadratic criterion of quality of transient processes under nonlinear restrictions imposed by the orthogonality conditions for matrices elements of the direction cosines of gyroscope axes. By mathematical modeling the algorithmic compensation of methodic errors of gyroscopes is verified.

Methods of Intellectual Assessment of Solutions in Designing Technological Processes for Diversified Production
B.V. Palyuh, G.B. Burdo
Tver State Technical University, Tver;

Key words and phrases: artificial intelligence; automated design systems for technological processes; criterion; system analysis.
Abstract: The paper shows the results of research into the methods of assessing solutions in automated design system of technological processes for machine-building plants with individual and small-scale production on the basis of system analysis.

Data-Measuring System for Determining the Concentration of Electrolyte Solutions under Resonance Frequency of Hydrated Ions
V.V. Yarmolenko, A.B. Kilimnik, E.S. Slobina
Department “Chemistry”, TSTU;

Key words and phrases: data-measuring system; concentration; conductivity cell; impedance; potassium chloride; resonant frequency; sodium chloride.
Abstract: The paper presents the developed data-measuring system for determining the concentration by resonant frequency vibrations of hydrated ions in the outer plate of the electric double layer on the basis of the values of the normalized properties of electrolyte solutions using mathematical models for consistent equivalent circuit of a double electric layer and the experimental values of reactive component of the impedance of the conductivity cell under various frequencies of AC voltage.

Simulation of Heat Transfer in Two Bodies under Harmonious Thermal Influence
I.V. Rogov, N.F. Maynikova, O.N. Popov, S.V. Molodov
Department “Hydraulics and Heat Engineering”, TSTU;

Key words and phrases: harmonious thermal influence; mathematical model; non-destructive control; thermophysical properties.
Abstract: the mathematical model of heat transfer in a system of two bodies is presented. The boundary problem of heat conduction in the dimensional and dimensionless representations is formulated. The distributions of temperature along the length of the limited and semi-limited bodies, as well as temperature values at the interface of two bodies at any moment time are produced.

Improvement of Metrological Reliability in Design of Data-Measuring Systems
N.Z. Othman, V.I. Polukhin, T.I. Chernyshova
Department “Designing Radio Electronic and Microprocessor Systems”, TSTU;

Key words and phrases: measurement tool; metrological reliability; probability of preservation of the metrological serviceability.
Abstract: The method of increasing metrological reliability by the criterion of maximum probability of preservation of metrological serviceability by selecting the component values is developed. The application of the method is illustrated by the example.

Chemical and related engineering. Chemistry.

Geometry, Circulation and Heat and Mass Transfer in Evaporation of Drop on the Substrate
V.I. Konovalov, A.N. Pakhomov, Yu.V. Pakhomova
Department “Industrial Processes and Devices”, TSTU;

Key words and phrases: after alcohol stillage; circulation in a drop; drop evaporation; heat and mass transfer of a drop; profile drop.
Abstract: The paper presents the dependences for the calculation of the drop profile (layer) of liquid lying on solid horizontal substrate for the cases of wetting and non-wetting of the substrate surface. The formula for calculating the volume and area of the outer surface of the drop are obtained. The calculated and experimental profiles for drops of the liquid after alcohol stillage and water, lying on a fluoroplastic disk are given. The necessity of taking into account the exact profile of the drop to calculate the heat and mass transfer is shown. The results of investigations of internal circulation in drops are given; the concerns about the impact of the flows inside the drop on the drying process, the external heat and mass transfer and heat transfer to the substrate are expressed.

Organization of the Process of Mixing by Controlling the Flow of Particulate Segregated Materials
V.N. Dolgunin, Yu.V. Shary, I.A. Lebedenko, O.V. Yumasheva
Department “Technology of Food Products”, TSTU;

Key words and phrases: control; mixing; residence time; simulation; segregated flow.
Abstract: The paper presents the method of reducing pulsations of mixture concentration of granular materials during its continuous preparation under portionwise microdispensing of one of the components by influencing the segregated flows of particles in the working volume of the mixer. The results of a comprehensive study of the characteristics of the structure of segregated flows and the effectiveness of the proposed method for its implementation in a drum machine with lift blades are presented.

Simulation of Combined Processes of Drying and Monomers Removal from Granular Polycaproamide
A.A. Lipin
Department “Processes and Apparatuses of Chemical Technology”, Ivanovo State Chemical Technology University, Ivanovo;

Key words and phrases: The paper presents the mathematical description of combined processes of drying and monomers removal from polycaproamide in the countercurrent flow of nitrogen, which allows predicting a final moisture and low-molecular-weight compounds content in polymer granules, the temperature regime and process duration.
Abstract: The paper presents the mathematical description of combined processes of drying and monomers removal from polycaproamide in the countercurrent flow of nitrogen, which allows predicting a final moisture and low-molecular-weight compounds content in polymer granules, the temperature regime and process duration.

Selection of Catalyst and Operating Conditions of Tubular Catalytic Reactor
O.A. Tishin1, E.V. Klimova1, V.N. Kharitonov1, T.V. Rudakova2, V.A. Ivanov2
Department “Process Machinery and Equipments”, Volzhsky Teacher’s Training Institute (Affiliate) Volzhsky State Technical University (1),
OAO “Volzhsky Orgsyntes”, Volzhsky (2);
«Hydraulics and Thermal Engineering» (2), TSTU;
Tambov Subsidiary of KARTEK Association (3)

Key words and phrases: The paper presents the results of experimental research and computing experiments on the basis of mathematics models of aniline and morpholine syntheses. Technical solutions to the synthesis under milder temperature conditions and reducing the yield of by-products are proposed. The technique of catalyst parameters selection for a specific industrial process is developed.
Abstract: The paper presents the results of experimental research and computing experiments on the basis of mathematics models of aniline and morpholine syntheses. Technical solutions to the synthesis under milder temperature conditions and reducing the yield of by-products are proposed. The technique of catalyst parameters selection for a specific industrial process is developed.

Kinetics of Polysaccharides Extraction from Root-Crops of Scorzonera Hispanica under the Influence of the Electric Discharge
A.G. Borisov1, V.N. Orobinskaya2, V.T. Kazub3
ZAO “Energoagromontazh”, Moscow (1);
Department “Preservation of Environment and Chemistry”, Pyatigorsk State Technological University (2);
Department of Physics and Mathematics, Pyatigorsk State Pharmaceutical Academy, (3);

Key words and phrases: electrical discharge processing; energy voltage pulse; mass transfer coefficient; root-crops of skorzonera hispanica; specific yield of polysaccharides.
Abstract: The theoretical and experimental investigation of the process of extracting biologically active compounds – polysaccharides from root-crops of skorzonera – under the influence of electrical discharge allowed to establish the parameters of the process, ensuring the optimum yield of the desired component. The comparative analysis of methods of extraction showed that the relative yield of polysaccharides increases by 1,32 times compared with the traditional infusion. The dependence of the coefficient of mass transfer Kxv on the concentration of extractable substance in the liquid phase is determined. These results can be used in engineering calculations, the processing of organic raw materials under the influence of electric discharges.

Identification of Integral Quality Criterion of Product in the Working Zones of Double Rotary Mixers
S.S. Gureev1, A.S. Klinkov1, V.G. Odnolko2
Departments: “Processing of Polymers and Packaging” (1),
«Construction of Buildings and Structures» (2), TSTU;

Key words and phrases: double rotary mixer; mixing effect; mixing; qualitative index; total value of the shear.
Abstract: The paper presents the calculation technique for the dependence total shear deformation for mixing and dispersion processes in the double rotary mixer; it enables to evaluate the quality of the obtained composite.

Technology for Antracite Culm Burning in Chamber Furnace with Semi-Boiling Layer. Environmental and Economic Aspects
D.V. Seleznev1, O.Yu. Milovanov1, E.V. Karib1, S.N. Kuzmin1, R.L. Isyomin2
Department “Hydraulics and Heat Engineering”(1),
Research and Education Center “Regional Problems of Development Autonomous Power Engineering on the Basis of Processing and Utilization of Manmade Structures and Waste” (2), TSTU;

Key words and phrases: agglomerates; air-distributing lattice; discharge; expensive coals; fluidized bed; sulphates.
Abstract: The article considers the process of anthracite culm burning in furnace chambers with a semi-boiling layer. During burning in the given furnace chamber the least quantity of emissions was produced, that favorably affects the ecological component.

The Lifetime of the Hydrogen Bond and Molecular Mobility in the First and Second Coordination Spheres of Computer Water
A.V. Borovkov1, N.A. Abakumova2, D.L. Gurina1, V.E. Petrenko1
Institute of Solution Chemistry, Ivanovo (1);
Department of Chemistry, TSTU (2);

Key words and phrases: computer modeling of water; hydrogen bond; hydrogen bond lifetime.
Abstract: The paper presents the analysis of the concept of the hydrogen bond lifetime in computer simulations. It is shown that different definitions of the hydrogen bond lifetime characterize certain stages in micro-dynamic behavior of liquid. Lifetimes and “unlife” of hydrogen bond in the water using model potentials TIP4P and TIP4P-HB are calculated; their comparison revealed several features of the structural rearrangement mechanism in the immediate environment.

Virtual Models of Chemical-Technological Systems

Virtual Simulation of Training Material Resources of University
V.A. Nemtinov1, D.V. Kulin1, E.S. Bunin2
Department "Computer-Aided Design of Technological Equipment", TSTU (1);
Department "Industrial Energy", Voronezh State Technological Academy, Voronezh (2);

Key words and phrases: distance learning; frame; geographic information system; information model of an object; virtual simulator.
Abstract: The paper discusses the methods and tools used in the development of the information space of laboratory resources of the university, demonstrated by the example of a simulator of flexible chemical-technological system.

Virtual Simulation of Water Treatment Facilities
V.A. Nemtinov1, A.V. Salushcheva1, A.A. Bubnov2
Department “Computer-Aided Design of Technological Equipment”, TSTU (1);
Department “Computational and Applied Mathematics”, Ryazan State Radio-Technical University (2), Ryazan;

Key words and phrases: programming environment LabVIEW 7.0; pretreatment of water; simulation; virtual training simulators; water treatment.
Abstract: The paper studies the methods and tools for the development of a set of virtual simulators for training operators of water pretreatment on the example of a simulator for operators of water pretreatment systems.

Simulation of Technological Processes of Chemical Industry
Yu.V. Nemtinova1, A.A. Pchelintseva1, A.A. Bubnov2
Department “Computer-Aided Design of Technological Equipment”, TSTU (1);
Department “Computational and Applied Mathematics”, Ryazan State Radio-Technical University (2), Ryazan;

Key words and phrases:chemical process systems; dynamical systems; simulation.
Abstract: The paper describes the technology for creating libraries of simulation models of technological processes of chemical production, realized through the system of simulation of discrete dynamical processes SIMUL8.

Development and Study of Virtual Models of Plant-Based Analytical and Procedural Models of Industrial Facilities
S.Ya. Egorov1, M.N. Erypalova2, K.A. Sharonin3
Department “Computer-Aided Design of Technological Equipment”, TSTU (1);
Department “Automation Processes”, Berezniki Affiliate of Perm State Technical University, Berezniki (2);
Department “Computer-Aided Design”, TSTU (3);

Key words and phrases:analytical and procedural models; equipment layout; layout; pipeline routing; selection and placement of pipeline fittings; virtual models.
Abstract: The paper considers the procedure of generation of virtual models of chemical production plant through the use of analytical and procedural models for the layout of industrial facilities.

Automated Selection, Placement and Visualization of Pipeline Fittings of Chemical Industry
S.Ya. Egorov1, S.Yu. Boykov2, K.V. Nemtinov1
Department “Computer-Aided Design of Technological Equipment”, TSTU (1);
Department “Information Systems and Technologies”, Yaroslavl State Technical University (2),
Yaroslavl;Department “Computer-Aided Design”, TSTU (3);

Key words and phrases: pipeline fitting; placement and visualization pipeline fittings; procedural models; visualization of technical objects.
Abstract: The paper discusses the procedures for automated selection, placement and visualization of pipeline fittings for chemical production.

Presentation of the Model of Parametric Synthesis of the Technical Object in the Relational Database
V.G. Mokrozub1, A.I. Serdyuk2, S.Yu. Shamaev3, S.V. Kamenev2
Department “Computer-Aided Design of Technological Equipment” (1), TSTU;
Departments: “Systems of Production Automation”(2),
“Technology of Mechanical Engineering, Metal Processing Tools and Systems” (3), Orenburg State University, Orenburg;

Key words and phrases: information-logical model; parametric synthesis; relational database.
Abstract: The structure of the relational database designed to store and process the model of parametric synthesis of the technical object is proposed.

Presentation of the Structure of Technical Objects with Interchangeable Items in the Virtual Models
V.G. Mokrozub1, A.I. Serdyuk2, S.V. Kamenev2, S.Yu. Shamaev3
Department “Computer-Aided Design of Technological Equipment (1), TSTU;
Departments: “Systems of Production Automation”(2),
“Technology of Mechanical Engineering, Metal Processing Tools and Systems” (3), Orenburg State University, Orenburg;

Key words and phrases: database; Ltd; rules; SQL.
Abstract: The scheme of data and the algorithm constructing the tree of products with varying structure is proposed; the choice of the element among the alternatives is made on the basis of the rules presented in the format of SQL – structured queries language.

Short-Term Forecasting of Performance of Main Equipment of Techncial Systems
T.A. Frolova1, D.S. Tulyakov1, M.I. Shikulskiy2
Department “Computer-Aided Design of Technological Equipment, TSTU (1);
Department “Applied Computing in Economics”, Astrakhan State Technical University, Astrakhan (2);

Key words and phrases: The paper presents the analysis of the influence of factor variables when solving the problem of short-term forecasting of demand for the products range.
Abstract: The paper presents the analysis of the influence of factor variables when solving the problem of short-term forecasting of demand for the products range.

Development of a Virtual Model of the Temperature Field of a Rubber Product in the Process of its Treatment on Vulcanizing Press
S.V. Karpushkin1, S.V. Lavrov2, K.S. Kornilov1
Department “Computer-Aided Design of Technological Equipment, TSTU (1);
Department “Industrial Energy”, Voronezh State Technological Academy (2);

Key words and phrases: induction heating; mold; rubber products; simulation of the temperature field; vulcanizing press.
Abstract: A common way of manufacturing rubber products is the vulcanization in the molds in hydraulic presses with the induction method of heating plates. The article discusses the features of the mathematical simulation of heating the rubber gasket in the mold on the vulcanizing presses with the using the system COMSOL. Based on the analysis of temperature fields of “the slab–mold–product” system the principles of designing methods of heating plates for specific products are formulated.

The Choice of Auxiliary Technological Equipment of Multi-Assortment Chemical Industry
E.N. Malygin1, S.V. Karpushkin1, P.G. Mikhailova2
Department “Computer-Aided Design of Technological Equipment”, TSTU (1),
Department “Computer-Integrated Systems in Chemical Engineering”, Russian Chemical-Technological University named after D.I. Mendeleev (2), Moscow;

Key words and phrases: choice of auxiliary equipment; chemical process systems; identification of hardware design; multi-product lines of chemical production.
Abstract: This paper is devoted to methods of choosing the auxiliary technological equipment for the phases of chemical-technological systems of multi-assortment chemical industry. The necessary input data, including the results of the selection of the main technological equipment are presented. The mathematical formulation of the problem of choosing the auxiliary equipment and the method for its solution are offered.

The Choice of Optimal Parameters of Mechanical Mixing Devices under Laminar Mixing
S.V. Karpushkin1, N.A. Serzhantova2, V.V. Istomin2, I.A. Posysaev1
Department “Computer-Aided Design of Technological Equipment, TSTU (1);
Department “Information Technology and Management in Medical and Biotechnical Systems”, Penza State Technological Academy (2), Penza;

Key words and phrases: choice of optimal design of a mechanical mixing device; hydro-dynamic environment; quality parameters of mixing; vertical capacitive devices.
Abstract: The paper presents the mathematical formulation and method of solving the problem of choosing the optimal design of mechanical mixing device of a vertical capacitive device to ensure acceptable hydrodynamic environment and the desired quality of mixing in the laminar mode.

Application of Parallel Computing for the Calculation of Hardware Design of Chemical-Technological Systems
A.B. Borisenko1, D.V. Kutuzov2, A.V. Osovskiy2
Department “Computer-Aided Design of Technological Equipment”, TSTU (1);
Department “Quality Control”, Astrakhan State University (2), Astrakhan;

Key words and phrases: branch and bound method; global optimization; multi-assortment chemical-technological systems; MPI; optimal calculation of process equipment; parallel computing.
Abstract: The paper presents the scheme based on branch and bound parallel algorithm for optimal selection of hardware design of chemical-technological systems. The values of speed and efficiency of the processor obtained by solving the given problem on the computing cluster of Tambov State Technical University.

Virtual Simulators for Teaching and Training of the Chemical and Mechanical Engineering Staff
M.N. Krasnyanskiy1, A.V. Ostroukh2, K.A. Barinov2, D.L. Dedov1, A.A. Rudnev1
Department “Computer-Aided Design of Technological Equipment”, TSTU (1);
Department “Automated Control Systems”, Moscow Automobile and Road State Technical University (MADI) (2), Moscow;

Key words and phrases: 3D modeling; interactive model; virtual simulator.
Abstract: We formulate the problem of designing virtual simulators. The approach to the integration of virtual simulators in interactive 3D space of technological object is developed.

Mathematics. Physics.

About the Construction of Periodical Solutions of One Class of Non-Autonomous Systems of Differential Equations in a Distributed Computing Environment
A.N. Pchelintsev1, A.Yu. Povetyev2, V.E. Podolskiy2
Departments: Applied Mathematics and Computer Science (1),
Computer-Aided Design (2), TSTU;

Key words and phrases: Fourier series; periodic solution; the scheme of successive approximations; symbolic computation; the system of ordinary differential equations.
Abstract: The paper proposes the technique for the construction of approximations to the periodical solutions of one class of non-autonomous systems of common differential equations. It is based on the scheme of successive approximations with the use of symbolic calculations in a distributed computing environment to obtain the solution in an analytic form. The fitting of the scheme of successive approximations in the period is shown and also the example of the second grade system with the described calculation scheme is considered. The results of computational experiment are presented.

On Clarification of Ky Fan Inequality
L.V. Pankratova
Department “Mathematical Analysis and Methodology of Teaching Mathematics”, Vyatka State University of Humanities, Kirov;

Key words and phrases: arithmetic mean; extremum of the function of several variables; geometric mean; harmonic mean; Ky Fan inequality.
Abstract: The paper is devoted to the consideration of clarification of Ky Fan inequality, which is well known in the theory of averages. The proof is based on theorems of differential calculus of functions of several variables.

Distributions of Binary Atom Collisions During Escaping from Condensed Phase Surface
L.V. Pletnev
Department «Higher Mathematics», Belarusian-Russian University, Mogilev, Republic of Belarus;

Key words and phrases: distributions of collisions; modeling; particles escaping.
Abstract: The distributions and density distributions of binary collisions between atoms in space and time after escaping from a limited area on the surface of the condensed phase into vacuum are obtained. Distributions for spherical atoms simultaneously escaping from the surface of the condensed phase are produced. The direct simulation Monte Carlo method of is applied.

Formation of Charge in Quantum Well in the Field Structure
Yu.V. Yatsinin, A.P. Korolyov
Department “Materials and Technology”, TSTU;

Key words and phrases: energy conditions; energy levels; Fermi level; potential well; semiconductor; work function.
Abstract: This paper considers the method of investigation of energy conditions in solids by using a semiconductor with a known distribution of energy levels, separated by a thin dielectric layer from the examined material. The theoretical basis for simulation of resonance by energy levels is described; it enables to detect and identify various impurities, including nano-objects in solid materials.

Machine-building. Building-construction. Material science. Metal-working

Improvement of Physical-Mechanical Characteristics and Longevity of Cellular Polystyrene
D.V. Ivanov, V.P. Yartsev
Department «Construction of Buildings and Structures», TSTU;

Key words and phrases: adhesive joint; durability; insulation of buildings; polystyrene; reinforcement; thermo-fluctuation concept of strength of solids.
Abstract: The durability of polystyrene from the standpoint of thermal fluctuation of the concept of strength of solids. The data on the possibility of increasing the strength characteristics by means of polystyrene reinforcement are presented. The corresponding experimental curves are shown.

Material Science. Nano Technology

Strength Properties of Block Products with High-Porous Cellular Macrostructure Synthesized on the Basis of Nanoperiodic Silicate and Aluminosilicate Materials
A.A. Ermakov, S.V. Neizvestnaya
Department “Technology of Food Products”, TSTU;

Key words and phrases: block products with high-porous cellular macrostructure; nanoperiodic material; polyethyleneoxide; template synthesis.
Abstract: The paper presents the results of the experimental study of mechanical compressive strength of block products with high-porous cellular macrostructure synthesized on the basis of nanoperiodic silicate and aluminosilicate materials. Nanoperiodic materials were obtained by template synthesis using a nonionic surfactant composition C17H35-COO-PEOë.

Theoretical Bases of Computer Modeling of Disperse Systems Structurization
A.N. Bormotov1, I.A. Proshin1, A.V. Vasilkov2
Department «Automation and Control», Penza State Technological Academy (1);
Open Joint-Stock Company «Research-and-Production Association «Rubin», Penza (2)

Key words and phrases: composite materials; mathematical modeling; multi-criteria synthesis; optimization of structure and properties; quality management; structurization.
Abstract: The paper presents the analytical solutions of the systems of interacting elements of the structure of composite materials, which are the basis of complex software simulation of structure formation. By means of computer simulation the evolution of disperse systems is studied, adequate mathematical models are built; and laws of influence of recipe-technology factors on the processes of structurization of disperse systems are established.

The Influence of Structural Factors on the Kinetics of Fluoroplastic Seals of Various Brands
D.V. Pugachev1, V.M. Buznik4, A.M. Stolin2, Yu.E. Vopilov3, G.S. Baronin1
Research Educational Center “Solidphase Technologies”, TSTU (1);
Institute of Structural Macrokinetics and Materials Science (2);
Moscow State University named after M.V. Lomonosov (3);
Institute of Metallurgy and Materials Science named after A.A. Baykov RAS (4);

Key words and phrases: powdery polymers; rheological approach; stages of deformation of the powdered material.
Abstract: The paper presents the process of pre-compaction of powdered fluoroplast of different brands on the basis of rheological approach. According to the study of the dependency “stress-strain” the major problem of the theory and practice of pre-compaction powder polymers is solved; the relationship between applied pressure and the density of the work piece in the course of one experiment is established.

Peculiarities of Changes in Temperature Stresses of Polymer Coatings when Applied on the Tube
V.B. Ryasnov, V.M. Shapovalov
Department “Technological Machinery and Equipment”, Volga Polytechnic Institute (Affiliate), Volgograd State Technical University, Volzhsky;

Key words and phrases: cooling process; Fourier method; polymer coating; temperature field; temperature stresses; thermal interaction; temperature mode.
Abstract: The cooling process of the polymer on the tube is accompanied by a substantial shrinkage of the surface layers, while the inner layers remain in the viscous-fluid state. Shrinkage of the coating can cause stress, exceeding the tensile strength, and cracking on the surface. The paper analyzes the change of stresses in the polymer coating during the cooling process.

Power Engineering. Energy Saving. Ecology

The Choice of Process Parameters of Gaseous Deposition of Chrome Coatings on Contact Parts of Electric Plants
V.V. Afonin, Zh.A. Zarandiya, I.N. Akulinin
Department “Electrical Equipment and Automation”, TSTU;

Key words and phrases: chrome coatings; contact parts of electric plants; gas-phase deposition of coatings; kinetic parameters of deposition; mathematical planning of experiment; mechanic durability; metal organic compounds of chrome; pyrolysis chrome; technological factors.
Abstract: The paper reveals the need for the application of mathematical planning of the experiment at the deposition of the pyrolysis chrome coatings on the contact assemblies of the electric plants. It is caused by the influence of a great number of simultaneous factors, which determine the process of the coating formation, and the set of the output parameters, which call for the conditions of the exploitation of the electro-technical equipment.

Construction of Backup Thermal Power Supply
S.V. Grishin, Yu.E. Mamontova, O.A. Kaverin, Yu.A. Stekolnikov
Department of Chemistry, Yelets State University named after I.A. Bunin,

Key words and phrases: backup power supply; electrochemical system lithium-iron disulfide; heat balance of power source.
Abstract: The paper presents modeling of the structure by the set parameters and calculation of the heat balance of the power supply of the electrochemical system of lithium-iron disulfide. The calculated structure is compared with the results of tests prototypes.

Engineering Pedagogics

Research into Mechanical Auto-Oscillating System
N.Ya. Molotkov, O.V. Lomakina
Department of Theoretical Mechanics; TSTU;

Key words and phrases: auto-oscillating system; electrical methods; frequency of oscillations; pendulum; energy.
Abstract: Based on the application of electrical methods for measuring nonelectrical values the emergence of mechanical oscillations studied on the example of Froude pendulum. The temporal characteristics of the oscillations and phase diagram of the emerging oscillations are registered.

Detailing the Functions of Innovative Potential Development of Educational Organization in the Process of Functional Simulation
A.M. Rubanov
Interbranch Regional Center for Training and Retraining of Specialists, TSTU;

Key words and phrases: context diagram; decomposition; educational organization; educational services market; a functional unit; innovative potential; interface arc.
Abstract: Within the context of functional graphical model of formation and management of the innovation potential of the educational organization we conducted a consistent decomposition of the function block of innovative potential formation. It enabled to present the relationship between the functions of innovative potential formation, facilitating the creation of innovative forms, and methods of training constituting the resource base of management of the innovation potential for the successful positioning of the educational organizations in the educational market.

Economics and Social Sciences

The Dynamics of Education and Science Financing in Russia in Late XX and Early XXI Century
E.N. Kapitonov1, I.E. Kapitonov2
Department “Equipment and Technology of Machine Building”, TSTU (1); ZAO TsRT - Service (2);

Key words and phrases: education; gross domestic product; Russia’s budget; science.
Abstract: The comparison of public expenditure on education and science in the Russian Federation and some countries with significant levels of economic development is carried out.

T.A. Frolova, D.S. Tulyakov
Department “Automated Design of Production Equipment”, TSTU;
Represented by a Member of the Editorial Board Professor V.I. Konovalov

Key words and phrases: artificial neural networks; chemical-pharmaceutical products; determinants; prediction of demand.
Abstract: An algorithm of prediction of demand for chemical-pharmaceutical products using artificial neural networks is proposed, the determinants affecting this demand are identified; the prediction of time series on the example of a pharmaceutical product of anthelmintic group is made.

Logistic System of Medical Equipment Supply
M.S. Frolova
Department «Biomedical Engineering», TSTU;

Key words and phrases: quality;health care establishment; logistics; logistic system; medical equipment; sales dealer.
Abstract: The paper presents the logistic supply chain of medical equipment from the manufacturer to the sales dealer and further to the health care establishment under domestic and foreign laws, governing the process of medical equipment turnover.

Identification of Telecommunication Mechanisms for the Improvement of Quality of Production of Industrial Enterprise
K.N. Savin, O. Sazhneva
Department “Economic Analysis and Quality”, TSTU;

Key words and phrases: identification; industrial enterprise; mechanisms; quality.
Abstract: The identification of communication mechanisms to improve the quality of products of industrial enterprises is considered.

Yu.M. Kliot
Department of Management, TSTU;
Represented by a Member of the Editorial Board Professor B.I. Gerasimov

Key words and phrases: continuous management; quality management system of educational organization; principles of TQM.
Abstract: Problems of implementation and further use of the quality management system and continuous management in educational organizations are explored in this paper.

R.W. Zharikow
Lehrstuhl “Okonomische Analyse und Qualitat”, TSTU;
Vorgelegt vom Mitglied des Redaktionskollegiums Professor W.I. Konowalow

Schlusselworter und Phrasen: Aufwande; Innovation; Investition; Maschi-nenbauproduktion; Qualitat; Risiko.
Zusammenfassung: Es werden der optimale Umfang der Investitionen fur die Erhohung der Qualitat der Produktion und die Notwendigkeit der Senkung der Kosten fur die Nutzung der Einrichtung theoretisch gerechtfertigt.

E.Yu. Voyakina
Department of Foreign Languages, TSTU;
Represented by a Member of the Editorial Board Professor V.I. Konovalov

Key words and phrases: antroponym; anthropocentrism; conceptualization; economic lexicon; mythonym; national-cultural component; onomastic metaphor; onomastic explosion; pragmatic power; toponym.
Abstract: The article deals with the phenomenon of onomastic metaphor serving as a means of reflecting the economic reality from the point of cognitive linguistics and anthropocentric paradigm. It analyses the way people realize socio-economic changes through onomastic metaphors. The main sources of onomastic metaphors in the economic lexicon that come from different spheres of knowledge are studied. Specific cultural and universal features of onomastic metaphors are emphasized.

Management Technology for Improving Competitiveness of Motor Transport Enterprise. Criteria for Competitiveness
N.V. Penshin
Department “Organization of Transportation and Road Safety”, TSTU;

Key words and phrases: competitiveness; criterion; integrated indicator; management; motor transport enterprise; price; profitability; quality.
Abstract: The paper presents a complex management scheme of management of competitiveness of motor transport enterprise and criteria for its competitiveness; the criteria of the transport enterprise competitiveness at the operational, tactical and strategic levels of management are investigated.

N.A. Gunina
Department of Foreign Languages, TSTU;
Represented by Doctor of Philological Sciences Professor N.Ts. Gatapova

Key words and phrases: cognitive approach; cognition; mental space; percep-tion; auditory world model.
Abstract: The paper discusses the role of human perception of the environment and the auditory perception in understanding and interpretation of the reality. The rela-tion of language and mind is considered.

E.S. Mishchenko1, I.V. Shelenkova2, E.V. Dvoretskaya3
Departments “Management of Organization” (1);;
“Foreign Languages” (2);
Centre for International Specialist Training (3), TSTU
Represented by a Member of the Editorial Board Professor V.I. Konovalov

Key words and phrases: academic mobility; Bologna process; ILAN course; three-component system; two-stage training strategy.
Abstract: The paper presents the experience of ILAN course application for the training of international specialists. The aim of the course is to stimulate academic mobility in the frameworks of Bologna process. The positive influence of ILAN course on the training quality at two stages of English-medium three-component system of international specialist training is demonstrated.

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