Transactions of the TSTU

Four-Language Scientific-Theoretical and Applied Multidisciplinary Journal

(by the main topics; in the authors alphabet)

Automation. Information. Control. Instruments

Continuons Logic for Analysis of Finite Automata Dinamics
Levin V.I.
Departments: Penza State Technological Academy;

Key words and phrases: finite automata; formula unification; fuzzy logic.
Abstract: The paper proposes the technique of ordering, classification and unification of fuzzy logic formula describing dynamic processes in finite automata. It is shown that the technique can reduce significantly the number of the required formula when using automation without memory and simple ordinary effects.

Problems and Features of Wireless Sensor Networks Application for Voice Communication
Bershadsky A.M., Kurilov L.S., Finogeev A.G.
Department “Computer Aided Design”, Penza State University;

Key words and phrases: speech communication; voice traffic; wireless sensor networks.
Abstract: The paper studies main points connected with using wireless sensor networks for speech transmission. The paper examines the benefits and drawbacks of voice communication taking into account the character of this kind of networks. It describes the main problems in the course of voice traffic transmission and significant features of this process.

Conceptual Modeling of Management Systems Based on IEC 61499 Functional Units
Dubinin V.N.
Department “Computer Technology”, Penza State University;

Key words and phrases: CAD; descriptive logic; functional unit; IEC 61499 standard; morphological approach; performance model; UML-FB language.
Abstract: The paper studies the matters of conceptual modeling of distributed component-based systems of management for industrial processes on the basis of the new international standard IEC 61499. The paper presents object-oriented and ontological approaches to the description of functional unit systems. The partly-ordered set of morphological characteristics is used to select the model of functional unit performance. The scenarios for conceptual models application in the instrumental complex of support for designing the systems on the basis of functional blocks are given

Efficiency Estimation of Integrated Information System as Ratio between Perform Services Amount and Holding Total Value
V.F. Kornyushko1, S.N. Lobanov2, A.V. Kostrov3, I.V. Khrapov4
Department:”Information Technologies”, Moscow State Academy of Fine Chemistry named after M.F. Lomonosov, (1);
Federal Agency of Education, Administration of Federal Property and Capital Construction, (2);
department: “Information Systems and Data Management”, Vladimir State University, (3);
Analytical Centre of Economic Development, TSTU, (4)
“Materials and Technology” (2), TSTU

Key words and phrases: Integrated information system for company management; data management; information system; information services; information system efficiency.
Abstract: The paper studies the approach to the efficiency of the applied information systems and the evaluation of the contribution of these systems into the company performance as the indirect criterion.

Computerized Monitoring of Innovation Activity Subjects via Modern Information Technologies
Klementyeva O.V., Kolosova O.V.
Department “Company Development Strategies”, St. Petersburg State Polytechnic University;

Key words and phrases: business societies; communication platform; monitoring of innovation subjects activity; professional social networks; state support of regional innovation subjects activity; Web 2.0 technology.
Abstract: The paper studies the practices of implementation of the technique of social networks for deigning specialized professional business societies in global network. The creation of the website based on Web 2.0 technology is proposed as the state support of the innovation activity subjects in the region. The website is a centralized communication platform for the interaction of innovation activity subjects. The technology enables to conduct analytical research and monitoring of innovation activity subjects on the basis of statistical data of the system.

Invariant Package of Algorithmic Models for Complex Object Life Cycle
Malysheva E.N., Goldshtein S.L.
Department “Computer Technology”, Urals State Technical University named after First President of Russia B.N. Yeltsin;

Key words and phrases: complex objects; invariant algorithmic models; life cycle stages.
Abstract: The paper describes the complex object lifecycle. The invariant package of algorithmic models is proposed. The fetch algorithm as well as stage algorithms for complex object life cycle such as designing, functioning, functioning support, development and replacement are presented. The summarizing algorithm is given as well.

Analysis and Selection of Monitoring Systems via Multiplicative Criterion
C.I. Chichev1, E.I. Glinkin2
Branch Joint Stock Company “MRSK Center” – “Tambovenergo”, Tambov (1);
Department “Electrical Equipment and Automation”, TSTU (2);

Key words and phrases: automated system of monitoring; program technical complex.
Abstract: The paper presents the analysis of automated systems of monitoring by the vector of flexible architecture development; it proposes the technique for selecting microprocessor devices of controlled stations with optimum price quality ratio by multiplicative criterion.

Algorithm for Designing Management Structures of Oil Product Supply Companies
Bezrodny A.A.
Saratov Branch “Lukoil Inter Card”;

Key words and phrases: oil product supply; petrol filling station; structure designing algorithm.
Abstract: The paper proposes algorithm for deigning management structures of oil product supply companies. The results of its application at the operating capacities of the branch are given.

Algorithm of Forecasting Air Objects Coordinates for Maintenance Directed Communication System Band on Systems with Random Change of Structure
S.N. Danilov1, A.P. Pudovkin1, R.R. Shatovkin2
Department “Radio-Electronic Household Appliances”, TSTU (1);
Department 31, High Military Aviation Engineering College of Radioelectronics (Military Institute) (2)

Key words and phrases: angular coordinates; communication system; estimation; flying machine; movement model; orientation diagramme; uncertainty area.
Abstract: On the basis of mathematical apparatus for the systems with random spasmodic change in the structure the algorithm for forecasting flying objects coordinates to maintain the functioning of the directed communication system in the ultrahigh frequencies is synthesized and its accuracy characteristics are estimated.

Chemical and related engineering. Chemistry.

Fluid Flow through Gap between Unidirectional Rotating Disks under Absence of Radial Pressure Gradient
A.A. Koptev1, V.M. Chervyakov2
Departments: “Engineering Techniques and Technologies” (1),
“Theory of Machines, Mechanisms and Machine Elements” (2), TSTU;

Key words and phrases: Navier–Stokes equations; numerical variables; ordinary non-linear differential equations.
Abstract: The paper studies the solution to Navier–Stokes equations in cylindrical coordinate system in case of perforated disks rotating at similar velocity in the same direction. Multiplicity of solutions when radial pressure gradient equals zero is shown. The substitution of variables in T. Karman equations is used in the solution.

Calculation of Extraction Kinetics of Solid Materials with Different Structure
Yu.A. Teplyakov1, S.P. Rudobashta2, V.M. Nechayev3, A.M. Klimov4 Department “Applied Geometry and Computer Graphics”, TSTU (1);
Department “Heat Engineering and Industrial Power Supply”, Moscow State Agro-Engineering University named after V.P. Goryachkin (2);
Department “Chemical Engineering” (3),
“Technological Equipment and Food Production Technologies” (4), TSTU;

Key words and phrases: calculation of extraction kinetics; capillary-porous materials; internal mass transfer; mass transfer coefficient; non-porous materials.
Abstract: The paper studies the options for the calculation of extraction kinetics of various materials under fixed values of mass transfer coefficient k; the need for consideration of the dependence of k on the concentration for non-porous polymer materials is shown.

Ways of Forecasting Nanosize Effects in Nanomaterials
V.I. Vigdorovich2, S.V. Mishchenko1, N.V. Shel2
Departments “Automated Systems and Devices” (1),
“Chemistry and Nanomaterials” (2), TSTU;

Key words and phrases: entropy; velocity constant; cluster; cohesive energy; atomic charge.
Abstract: The paper studies the effect of entropy factor and cluster structure on the presence of nanosize affects of nanomaterials. The data on the formation and features of clusters in condition of gas adsorption on metal surface are generalized.

Research into Kinetics of Methanolysis in Processing of Vegetable Feed into Bio-Fuel
S.A. Nagornov1, S.V. Romantsova3, S.I. Dvoretsky1, V.P. Tarov2, I.A. Ryazantseva3, K.S. Malakhov3
Departments “Technological Equipment and Food Technologies” (1),
“Equipment and Engineering Technologies” (2),
TSTU; Laboratory “Organization of Oil Companies and Oil Products Stretching” NSI ARRIE&OP (3)

Key words and phrases: bio-fuel; electromagnetic field; ferromagnetic particles; hetero-phase reaction; kinetics; methanolysis process.
Abstract: The paper presents the research into the methanolysis kinetics of vegetable feed into bio-fuel under superimposal of the rotating electromagnetic field in the presence of ferromagnetic particles in the reaction mass. The arising velocity layer of fluctuating ferromagnetic particles contributes to the turbulization and effective mixing of the reaction mass. It is found out, that the process of methanolysis consists of two stages: at first it occurs in the diffusion area and then it takes place in the kinetic one. The equations of the methanolysis kinetics of vegetable feed into bio-fuel are formulated; the kinetic constants are evaluated.

Improvement of Azopigment Paste Washing off When Using Structured Water and Nanomaterials
Leontyeva A.I., Subocheva M.Yu., Orekhov V.S.
Department “Chemical Technologies of Organic Substances”, TSTU;

Key words and phrases: decantation; color concentration; nanostructured materials; structured water; water-soluble salts.
Abstract: The paper presents the technique of improving quality indexes of azopigments at the stage of water-soluble salts extraction by introducing structured water and materials.

Improvement of the Testing Procedure of the Chemical Oxygen Breathing Apparatus
S.V. Gudkov1, D.S. Dvoretskiy2, A.Yu. Khromov2
Joint Stock Company “Corporation “Roshimzaschita”, Tambov (1);
department «Technological Equipment and Progressive Technologies», TSTU (2);
Departament of Analytical and Non-Organic Chemistry, Tambov State University named after G.R. Derzhavin (2);
Research Institute “Khimpolimer” (3)

Key words and phrases: frequency and depth of respiration; gaseous breathing mixture; lung ventilation; self-contained breathing apparatus; simulation unit of oxygen demand; respiration parameters; respiration simulator; test rig.
Abstract: Analysis of mutual effect of the system elements “human-breathing apparatus” has been performed. Improved circuit of the test rig “Artificial lungs” that adequately simulates the person’s respiration while testing the self-contained breathing apparatus has been proposed. The program realization of oxygen demand simulation by mass on the test rig “Artificial lungs” will permit to carry out the tests with minimal participation of the operator and maximally precisely dose the initial components for gaseous breathing mixture forming and simulate oxygen demand.

Wastewater Purification from Chrome, Iron, Copper and Zinc Ions at FSUE “Experimental Plant “Tambovapparat”
A.G. Shubina1, S.E. Sinyutina1, R.A. Shubin2
Department of Organic and Biological Chemistry, Tambov State University named after G.R. Derzhavin (1);
Department “Machines and Devices of Chemical Production”, TSTU (2);

Key words and phrases: chrome, iron, copper and zinc ions; galvanic production; wastewater purification.
Abstract: The paper presents the results of analysis of samples of industrial wastewater purified at Federal State Unitary Enterprise “Tambovapparat” in February and march 2008, the efficiency of this wastewater purification from chrome, iron, copper and zinc ions is evaluated.

Regularities of Electrochemical Behavior of Metals When Imposing Alternating Current
Nikiforova E.Yu., Kilimnik A.B.
Department “Chemistry”, TSTU;
Departament of Analytical and Non-Organic Chemistry, Tambov State University named after G.R. Derzhavin (2);
Research Institute “Khimpolimer” (3)

Key words and phrases: alkali sodium; alternating current; hydrochloric acid; metal destruction velocity; sulfuric acid.
Abstract: The paper presents the review of electrochemical behavior of different materials when imposing alternating current. It is shown that application of various forms of alternating current enables to intensify the process of anode dissolution of metals and in some cases eliminate the electrode immunization as well as simplify the production of nanopowders considerably.

Physical Chemical Characteristics of Current Source on Spinel Base
Androsova O.G., Mamontova Yu.E., Pirsky Yu.K., Stekolnikov Yu.A.
Department of Chemistry, Yelets State University named after I.A. Bunin;

Key words and phrases: air electrode; alkaline electrolyte; chemical source of current; oxygen recovering electro catalyst.
Abstract: The paper shows the possibility of producing composite carbon materials on the spines base for air electrodes of chemical sources of current depending on electro catalyst type and conditions of this layer infiltration with polyfluorinated spirits. It causes the increase of nominal charge currents by ten times in impulse mode and the improvement of application of metal-air electrodes.

Ion Mobility Spectrometry Technique for Chemical Environmental Contamination Detection
Yu.M. Smolin1, B.N. Kobtsev2, N.P. Novoselov1
Department “Theoretical and Applied Chemistry”, SUTD (1);;
Joint Stock Company “GosNIIhimanalit”, St. Petersburg (2)

Key words and phrases: gas analyzer; ionization technique; ion mobility spectrometry; organophosphorus chemical agent.
Abstract: The paper studies the possibility of using the ion mobility spectrometry technique in portable and high speed gas analyzers for the environmental control of chemical contamination. The experimental model of IMS gas analyzer is constructed. The results of the testing of IMS gas analyzer’s sensibility, operation time, aftereffect time at various concentration of organophosphorus chemical agent as well as contaminant specificity are presented.

Mathematics. Physics.

Variational Equations of Thermoelectroelasticity for Multilayered Composite Shell
G.M. Kulikov1, S.V. Plotnikova1, V.P.Yartsev2
Departments: “Applied Mathematics and Mechanics” (1),
“Construction of Buildings and Structures” (2), TSTU;

Key words and phrases: Hu-Washizu variational equation; multilayered composite shell; thermopiezoelectricity.
Abstract: Two functionals for stationary problems of thermoelectroelasticity for multilayered composite shells are considered. Based on the strain-displacement relationships of the 7-parameter shell model accounting for a transverse normal strain and a hypothesis concerning the linear distribution of temperature and electric potential throughout the piezoelectric layer, the variational equations of a coupled problem of thermopiezoelectricity have been obtained.

Algorithm of Point Recognition of General Polygon or Triangular Face Polygon
Tyukachev N.A.
Department “Programming and Information Technology”, VSU

Key words and phrases: geometric algorithms; graph algorithms.
Abstract: The paper presents the algorithm for point recognition of general polygon or triangular face polygon; it is based on the local analysis of incidental vertex sets. The algorithm unlike those offered before doesn’t require global order of edges and can be used in three-dimensional space for over-layer operations with layers in geo-information systems.

Weighted Norm Inequalities for the Convolution Operators (in English)
Nakhman A.D.
Department «Applied Mathematics and Mechanics», TSTU;
Represented by a Member of the Editorial Board Professor G.M. Kulikov

Key words and phrases: Àð-condition; estimates for the convolution operators; the generalized Poisson integral; Steklov integral means.
Abstract: Weighted norm inequalities for Steklov integral means fh(x) and for the set of convolution operators are obtained. The base of results is a relation

where an even kernel K(x) possesses on nonincreasing on each variable majorant K*(x).

Principal Physics of Pneumodynamic Measurement of Element Void Structure
D.M. Mordasov1, M.M. Mordasov1, N.A. Bulgakov2
Departments “Automated Systems and Devices” (1), “Physics” (2), TSTU;

Key words and phrases: measurement of void structure; pneumodynamic method; void content.
Abstract: The paper reveals principal physics of pneumodynamic measurement of void structure; it’s based on effects occurring in the course of gas interaction with porous substance placed in metering tank. On the basis of physical representation of pneumodynamic measuring system in the form of sequential linking of gas accumulators the mathematical description as differential equation of the second order with initial conditions is produced; the technique of control over element void structure is based on it.

Machine-building. Ñonstruction.Material Science. Metal-Working

Method of Continuous Control over Link Thickness and Uniformity of Bimetal Layers
Semenenko D.V., Pudovkin A.P.
Department “Radio-Electronic Means of Household Purpose”, TSTU;

Key words and phrases: bimetal; continuous control; uniformity of layer link.
Abstract: The paper studies the technique of continuous non-destructive control over thickness and uniformity of bimetal layers.

Mathematical Modeling of Cooling Process of Cake in Continuous Casting Machine Crystallizer
Povitukhin S.A.
Magnitogorsk State University, Magnitogorsk;

Key words and phrases: continuous casting machine; heat transfer; crystallizer; mathematical modeling.
Abstract: Since the cooling of the molded cake occurs through the edge surfaces the mathematical model should take into account the information about the temperature of the cake edges as zones of the maximum temperature gradient. Thus, for the adequate description of the cake molding process in the crystallizer it is necessary to solve the spatial problem. For the contact problem development which examines the process both in the crystallizer and in the cake in detail, it is necessary to determine the heat flows on the boundary “cake – crystallizer wall” through the properties of the dross mixture. It enables to exclude from the formula of the problem such characteristics as heat flow value or heat transfer coefficient which depend on many factors.


Detection of Residual Quantities of Benzene Hexachloride in Soil by Gas Liquid Chromatography Technique
Dubrovina O.A., Muratov D.N., Strekolnikov Yu.A., Sotnikov B.A.
Department of Chemistry, Yelets State University named after I.A. Bunin;

Key words and phrases: acetone; benzene hexachloride; benzol; extracting; extraction degree; gas liquid chromatography; hexane; o-xylol.
Abstract: The paper presents the results of extracting of soil samples to detect the residual quantities of benzene hexachloride with different organic solvents. The effective extracting gent with high degree of extraction is selected. The extraction technique and chromatography analysis are proposed.

Engineering Pedagogics

Art of Teaching as Precondition of Interpretative Professionally-Oriented Activity in Tideway of Bologna Process
Artemyeva O.A.
Department of Foreign Languages, TSTU;

Key words and phrases: art of teaching; personal identity; professional improvement.
Abstract: The paper presents the experiment which proves that application of role plays in teaching English helps to improve the level of education modernization. Application of role plays raises motivation, learners’ discipline and quality of teaching. It is proved that role plays, students’ research work and video classes broaden the creativity horizon.

Economics and Social Sciences

Tambov Province and Science Development in XVIII – First Half XX Century
E.N. Kapitonov1, I.E. Kapitonov2
Department “Equipment and Technology of Engineering”, TSTU (1);
LLC “Montazhspetzstroi - Tambov”, (2);

Key words and phrases: history of science; scientific institutions.
Abstract: The paper presents the first scientific research, the first scientists and the first scientific institutions on the territory of Tambov province.

Information Support of Monitoring of Material and Technical Facilities of State Educational Institutions
K.Yu. Kolybanov1, V.F. Kornyushko1, M.M. Kulygina2, S.N. Lobanov3, I.V. Khrapov4
Department of Information Technologies (1),
Data-Processing Center (2),
Moscow State Academy of Fine Chemistry named after M.F. Lomonosov; Administration of Federal Property and Capital Construction, Federal Agency of Education (3);
Analytical Center of Economic Development, TSTU (4);

Key words and phrases: data visualization; information support of managerial decisions; multidimensional model of data; multidimensional cubes; multi-size models (hypercubes); multi-layer bierarchieal structure; OLAP-technologies; primary accounting; division of data into indexes (variables) and measurements material base; system for managerial decisions preparation; data strong technologies.
Abstract: The paper describes the process of designing multi-layer informational analytical system based on the ideas of multidimensional analysis and aimed at supporting the management of material and technical facilities of educational institutions.

  • Back to volume 15