Transactions of the TSTU

Four-Language Scientific-Theoretical and Applied Multidisciplinary Journal

(by the main topics; in the authors alphabet)

Automation. Information. Control. Instruments

Yu.V. Kulakov, V.N. Shamkin
Research into Initial Estimate when Solving the Task of Parametrical Identification of a Mathematical Model of Static Modes for Complex Technological System
Department “Information Technologies in Designing”, TSTU

Key words and phrases: original model; static mathematical model; modified model; tuning parameters; initial estimate; parametrical identification of the model; complex technological system
Abstract: The task of parametrical identification based on the module principle of mathematical model of some technological system is studied. As a result of independent identification of separate modules the vector is obtained from their tuning parameters and it is used as initial estimate in the task of parametrical identification of original model. The role of initial estimate for tuning parameters of original model in convergence and time required for search of minimum integral function of identification is evaluated.

Ibrakhim Iad Akhmad, V.N. Groshev
Decision Making in Terms of Strategic Partnership
Department «Designing of Radio-electronic and Microprocessor Systems», TSTU

Key words and phrases: tasks of project initiation; decision making; strategic partnership.
Abstract: The tasks of making decisions about strategic partnership concerning the stage of project initiation are studied. The classification of the tasks for project initiation is proposed; mathematical formulations of three types of tasks are made; the vivid example is given.

V.V. Volodin, N.V. Mokrova
Reasons for the Choice of Methods for Solving Tasks of Optimum Control over Complex Processes
Department «Applied Mathematics and Computing», Moscow State University of Engineering Ecology

Key words and phrases: decomposition methods of optimization; hierarchical structure; solution coordination; local and global tasks; multi-stage processes; optimum costs distribution; cobalt solutions purification (refining); complex system; obvious decomposition.
Abstract: The paper deals with basic peculiarities of complex systems; the advantage of hierarchical structure of the system of optimum control over complex systems compared to centralized one is proved. Reasons for the choice of decomposition methods of control over complex technological systems are given.

N.A. Sazonov, V.N. Shcherbinin
Synthesis of Optimum Algorithm of Selection and Measurement of Velocity of Moving Targets
Tambov Military Aviation Engineering Institute

Key words and phrases: multi-frequency SAR; radial velocity; radio locator with synthesized aperture; extended Kalmanovsky filter; selection of moving targets; point reflector; observation equation; condition equation; resolution element.
Abstract: Optimum algorithms, enabling to select and measure radial velocity and angle position of small-size moving on-ground targets on the reflection background off ground surface with the help of two- and three-frequency radars installed on aircrafts, are obtained and analyzed.

K.P. Latyshenko
The State and Prospects of Contact Low Frequency Conductivity Measurement Development
Moscow State University of Engineering Ecology

Key words and phrases: catalogue; contact conductivity measurement; prospects of development.
Abstract: The state of low frequency contact conductivity measurement in Russia over the last 20 years as well as prospects of its development are studied.

Frank Wornle1, Steven Grainger2, Andrei Kotousov1
An Accurate Methodology for Determining the Efficiency of Energy Harvesting by PZ Elements
The University of Adelaide, School of Mechanical Engineering, Adelaide, 5005, Australia (1); Glasgow Caledonian University, School of Engineering, Science and Design, Cowcaddens Road, Glasgow, G40BA, UK (2)

Key words and phrases: energy harvesting; mechanical vibrations; piezoelectric elements; Structural Health Monitoring.
Abstract: This paper describes a new experimental methodology for accurate measurements of the efficiency of energy conversion in PZ (piezoelectric) elements. These elements are often used to monitor on-line the progressive structural damage of engineering structures, such as bridges, aircrafts and pipelines. Harvesting energy from small amplitude mechanical vibrations of such structures can revolutionize these monitoring techniques by increasing their reliability, reducing the maintenance cost and making them fully autonomous. As the quantity of electrical energy that can be harvested from vibrations is rather low, it is important to ensure that the piezoelectric elements are operating at the best possible efficiency.

V.M. Fokin1, V.N. Chernyshov2
Method of Control over Materials Thermal Diffusivity Based on the Regularities of Ordered Heat Mode in the Examined Objects
Departments: “Heat Engineering”, Volgograd State Architecture Construction University (1); “Criminalistics and Legal Activity Informatization”, TSTU (2)

Key words and phrases: non-destructive control; measurement error; heat diffusivity; ordered heat mode.
Abstract: The method of determining the coefficient of materials heat diffusivity by absolute technique excluding the influence of external conditions on the process of research and based on temperature changes on the surface of prism of square section is developed; metrological analysis of the proposed method of control is carried out.

Chemical and related engineering. Chemistry.

V.Yu. Volynsky, V.A. Zaitsev, V.E. Mizonov
Non-linear Mathematical Model of Interconnected Heat and Mass Transfer in Flat Section of Optional Configuration
Ivanovo State Chemical Technological University, Ivanovo State Energy University

Key words and phrases: interconnected heat and mass transfer; mathematical model; non-linear model; Markov’s chain; cell model.
Abstract: Cell model to solve the equations of heat diffusivity and diffusion in flat section of optional configuration is proposed. The model is generalized in case of variables dependent on condition parameters of materials thermo-physical properties, thus extending the possibility of adequate description of heat and mass transfer processes.

V.I. Ryazhskikh1, M.I. Slyusarev2, V.A. Zaitsev1
Forecasting the Time of Non-Drainage Storage of Cryogenic Liquids
Departments: «Higher Mathematics» (1), «Processes and Apparatuses of Chemical and Food Production» (2), Voronezh State Technological Academy

Key words and phrases: non-drainage storage; cryogen liquids; free convection.
Abstract: Basic thermal physical characteristics of liquid nitrogen, hydrogen and oxygen in working scales of temperature are systemized, the technique of determining the duration of their non-drainage storage in industrial reservoirs on the basis of convective-free mechanism of heat transfer is proposed. The example of the calculation of the time for cryogen liquids storage without pressure release from vapor space is given.

D.L. Polushkin, A.S. Klinkov, M.V. Sokolov, I.V. Shashkov
New Technology of Recycling and Salvaging of Film Polymer Materials
Department “Polymer Processing and Packaging Production”, TSTU

Key words and phrases: coordinate of output section; the velocity of material flow along X axis; the velocity of material flow along Z axis; average specific shift deformation; total shift value; coordinate of input section.
Abstract: Technological parameters of recycling of film thermoplastics with regard for the best physical-mechanical indexes of obtained granules are determined.

M.A. Ulyanova, A.S. Gurova, V.E. Shreder
Waterproof Silica Gels and their Field of Application
«Corporation “Roskhimzashchita» PLC

Key words and phrases: water-resistance; sorption isotherm; sorption kinetics; silica gel.
Abstract: Silica gel is well-known as a sorbent-dryer and a base for many catalysts. The industrial way silica gel production is based on interaction between sodium silicate solution and sulphuric acid with hydro gel formation, hydro gel washing and drying. The drawback of silica gels is their low water resistance that limits their field of application. Water-resistant silica gels produced by forming the finely dispersed initial silica gels with binders do not possess such a drawback. Production technology of water-resistant silica gels is developed and their production is carried out ate the enterprise “Roskhimzashchita”. Advantages of their application in terms of pressure swing adsorption are shown.

; A.B. Kilimnik, E.E. Degtyareva
Electro-Ñhemical Processes in Alternate Current
Department of Chemistry, TSTU

Key words and phrases: impulse current; composite materials; metal-organic compounds; metals and alloys; organic substances; alternate current.
Abstract: The processes of electrochemical derivation of different products (metals and their alloys, composite materials, metal-organic and organic substances) using electro-synthesis in alternate and impulse current are studied. It is shown that the use of sinusoidal, asymmetric and pulsating current enables to intensify the processes of derivation of different products with given physical mechanical properties. The direction of searching new compounds of reacting masses and technological parameters of the process of electrochemical synthesis of organic compounds is determined.

Mathematics. Physics

G.M. Kulikov, S.V. Plotnikova
Assumed stress-strain quadrilateral plate elements based on analytical and numerical integration
Department of Applied Mathematics and Mechanics, TSTU

Key words and phrases: assumed natural strain method; four-node solid plate element; mixed finite element models.
Abstract: On the basis of the first-order solid plate theory, proposed in earlier authors’ articles, two assumed stress-strain ANS quadrilateral four-node solid plate elements are developed. This paper generalizes the conventional assumed stress solid plate/shell finite element formulation because transverse shear strains are distributed in the thickness direction according to the linear law. Both quadrilateral ANS solid plate elements developed are based on the unified technique that allows assessing their advantages and disadvantages. It is worth noting that element stiffness matrices of elaborated quadrilaterals including a displacement-based ANS quadrilateral four-node element have six zero eigenvalues as required for satisfaction of the general rigid-body motion representation.

; Yu.A. Brusentsov, A.P. Korolev, A.V. Ozarenko
Research into Electro-physical Processes in Field Semiconductor Structures for Measuring Thermo-Physical Characteristics
Department “Materials and Technology”, TSTU

Key words and phrases: initial measurement converter; thermo-generation of charge carrier; thermo-physical characteristics.
Abstract: Physical processes occurring in semiconductors under the influence of temperature are studied and systemized. The possibility of using these materials for measuring thermal values is shown.

Machine-building. Building-construction. Material science. Metal-working

Yu.V. Rodionov1, Yu.V. Vorobiev1, D.V. Nikitin1, I.V. Shlykova2
Influence of Configuration of Liquid Ring on the Working Parameters of Liquid Ring Vacuum Pumps
Departments: “Theory of Mechanisms, Machines and Details of Machines” (1), “Higher Mathematic”, TSTU (2)

Key words and phrases: configuration of liquid ring, angle of rotation of rotor, vanes of rotor, area of working cavity, pressure of gas phase.
Abstract: The method of analytical determination of inner surface of liquid ring on the basis of interaction of flow of working fluid and thermodynamic flow of gas phase is suggested. The obtained mathematical relationship of change in working volume of gas phase by the angle of rotation of rotor taking into account the dipping of vanes of the rotor into the liquid ring allows to develop more precise methods of calculation for increasing of efficiency of liquid ring vacuum pumps.

G.P. Berlyavsky1, V.G. Kantsedalov1, R.A. Gazarov2, V.T. Kasub3
Development of Effective Means of Primary Grinding of Frozen and Large Rock Coal Fuel at Thermal Power Station
Scientific Industrial Enterprise “Prochnost” (1); Academy of Information Technologies in Education, Science and Balneology (2); Department of Physics and Mathematics PyatSPA (3), Pyatigorsk

Key words and phrases: grinding; milling cutter; frozen rock; thermal power stations.
Abstract: It is shown that the schemes of location of cutters on the drums of milling cutters of the existing grinding-cutting machines do not meet the allowed mode parameters. The calculating dependencies, determining optimum conditions of cutters work and minimum of specific costs on destruction of large rock and frozen fuel are given. Mode parameters and destruction parameters for a specific type of unit of grinding coal fuel in suitable devices of thermal power stations are grounded

V.P. Yartsev, O.A. Kiselev, M.A. Sashin
Forecasting Strength and Deformation Ability of Wood and Wood Composites

Key words and phrases: durability; composites; strength; ability to work; temperature.
Abstract: Regularities of strength and deformation durability of wood and wood composites in a wide scale of load are studied. The influence of different factors on the constants is examined. The values of physical and empirical constants, determining the durability are obtained; thus the new ways of regulating durability of wood and wood composites are found.


V.P. Kapustin, S.A. Kunakov
The Choice of Parameters of Reaping Machine Reel
Department “Mechanization of Agriculture”, TSTU

Key words and phrases: losses; mode; harvesting; standing crop.
Abstract: Groundings and calculation of parameters and operation modes of reaping machine reel are presented.

Engineering Pedagogic

S.V. Mishchenko, N.V. Molotkova, O.S. Korneeva
Didactic Fundamentals of Designing the System of Continuous Professional Training of Managers
Departments: «Automated Systems and Devices» (1), «Methods and Organization of Commercial Activity» (2), TSTU

Key words and phrases: continuous professional training; managers training; content designing.
Abstract: The results of analysis of the system of managers’ continuous professional training are presented; those revealed great contradictions in the organization of this kind of specialists’ training.

A.F. Egorov, T.V. Savitskaya, Yu.I. Kapustin, S.P. Dudarov, A.V. Goransky
Automated Laboratory Complex – Integrated Information Educational Media for Training Chemical Lab Workers
Russian Chemical Technology University after D.I. Mendeleev, Moscow

Key words and phrases: automated systems of education; automated laboratory complex; Internet technologies; information educational resources; information methodological resources; knowledge control; study research resources; electronic textbooks; electronic study guides.
Abstract: The paper deals with methodology of designing automated laboratory complexes. The classification of the existing automated systems of education is presented. The requirements for development of information study, research and information methodological resources are identified; basic functions of automated laboratory complex are enumerated. The example of automated laboratory complex for training chemical lab workers developed by the authors is given.

Z.S. Sazonova
System-Oriented Quality Control over Training in Technical Subjects
Department of Engineering Pedagogics, Moscow Automobile Road Institute

Key words and phrases: quality of education; pedagogical technology; system-oriented control; taxons; study module; functional-net monitoring; functional systematics.
Abstract: The paper deals with functional-net monitoring of educational process as a sub-system controlling the quality of specialists’ training in technical subjects when using systematic pedagogical technology oriented at obtaining functional complete results of learning at every lesson.

E.V. Riabtseva, A.A. Arestova
Some Problems of Teaching English for Special Purposes to Students of Technical Specialities at University Level
Department of Foreign Languages, TSTU

Key words and phrases: aims and tasks of ESP; English for Specific Purposes (ESP); social and professional needs; structure and content ESP course; teaching English; university level.
Abstract: The main problems connected with teaching English for Specific Purposes at university level are overviewed. The aims and tasks of teaching English for Specific Purposes to students of technical specialities are formulated. The goals, structure and content of ESP course for students of technical specialities are introduced.

N.G. Astafyeva1, O.Yu. Kalyagina2
Formation of Professional Competence in the Area of Project Activity on the Basis of Designing Individual Directions of Personality Development
Department of Education and Science of Tambov Region (1); Lyceum No 14 (2)

Key words and phrases: professional competence; personality development.
Abstract: The approach to formation of school and lyceum students’ professional competence in the course of study area “Information Science” is given.

Yu.V. Karavaeva1, L.V. Samokrutova2, Yu.V. Shmarion1
Development of Organizational and Teaching Skills of Teachers’ Training Universities Students
Department of Computing, Lipetsk State Pedagogical University (1); Department of Russian Philology, TSTU (2)

Key words and phrases: designing of educational systems; teacher’s professional training.
Abstract: The approach to training future teachers in the area of designing educational systems structures is given.

Economics and social sciences

V.D. Zharikov1, R.V. Zharikov2
Improvement of Organizational Structures on the Basis of Cluster Approach
Department «Economics and Management», TSTU (1); Tambov Regional Institute of Teachers Further Training (2)

Key words and phrases: dynamics of volume of business; price indexes; innovation center; cluster approach; organizational structure; capacity.
Abstract: The analysis of technical-and-economical indexes of machine-building enterprise is carried out. It is found out that the volume of sales increases only on the basis of cost, while the company is on the verge of bankruptcy. Reorganization of organizational structure of the company and regional innovation center on the basis of cluster approach is proposed.

V.V. Ten
Evaluation of the Quality of the Organizational Management Model as a Tool of Estimation of Company-Borrower Solvency
Joint Stock Social Bank “Bastion” PLC, Tambov

Key words and phrases: information system of company management; quality of management; borrower’s solvency.
Abstract: The approach to evaluation of the quality of company management as a necessary element of monitoring its solvency is studied. The necessity of analysis of company’s business platforms, activities aimed at the improvement of labor psychology, prospects of using modern standards and automated information management systems is shown.

G.P. Pirozhkov
Ethnography: the Code of the Analysis From the Point of View of Scientific Studies
Department of “History and Philosophy”, TSTU

Key words and phrases: ethnography; informatization; information institutions; the mathematization of sciences; scientific studies; a scientific and educational discipline.
Abstract: The programme of the analysis of ethnography as a scientific and educational discipline from the point of view of scientific studies is examined in the article for the first time, the definition of ethnography is given.

V.E. Bredikhin
The Content of Mass Culture Activities of Komsomol at the Time of the Great Patriotic War
Department «History and philosophy», TSTU

Key words and phrases: war; ideology; Komsomol; culture; youth; rear.
Abstract: The content of state policy concerning ideology and culture during the war and participation of regional Komsomol organizations is studied.

M.Yu. Antimonov
Homelessness and State Social Policy (based on materials of Tambov region of late 1930s)
Department of “History and Philosophy”, TSTU

Key words and phrases: homelessness; child neglect; orphans; orphanage; Committee on improvement of children’s life; vocational training.
Abstract: The reasons for homelessness and basic forms of its elimination in 1937-1939 as well as the way of orphans’ life at pre-war time are considered.

I.V. Dvukhzhilova
Boris Nickolaevich Chicherin: Characteristic Traits of Zemstvo Outstanding Figure
Department «History and Philosophy», TSTU

Key words and phrases: public; Kirsanov district; railway; zemstvo; Tambov region; primary education.
Abstract: Particular aspects of B.N. Chicherin’s public activity in Tambov region are studied.

N.Yu. Borodulina
Metaphoric Models of Linguistic Representation of Economic Notions
Department of Foreign Languages, TSTU

Key words and phrases: axiological evaluation; the source and target in the metaphor structure; key metaphor; cognitive metaphor; lingvo-cultural community; metaphoric model; metaphoric thinking; national determination; reason for metaphoric transfer; economic notions representation; substantive and predicative metaphors.
Abstract: On the basis of French and Russian literature metaphoric models representing economic notions are found out and analyzed by their association with concepts reflecting the fragments of the world’s picture. The given classification of determined metaphoric models proves that complex economic notions are represented by easy for understanding concepts typical of commonplace mind. The analysis of metaphoric models demonstrated that metaphors help to reveal and evaluate the most important characteristics of economic notions. The analysis also enabled to show common and national specific features of models in Russian and French texts on Economics.

S.V. Nachernaya
Period, Cause and Effect Topics Logical and Syntactical Structure
Department of Foreign Languages, TSTU

Key words and phrases: period; period logical structure; preface; semantic unity; syntactic construction (simple complex); syntactical connections; topic logical diagram.; topic of cause; topic of effect.
Abstract: Dependence of period syntactic organization on cause and effect topics logical structure is under discussion. It is stressed that creation of a harmonious period is almost impossible without application of syntactic construction which structure largely reflects the location and correlation between topics of cause and effect within the period. Two simple diagrams “fan” and “chain” are suggested. More complicated diagrams – “circular” and “stepped” – to visualize intricate relations inside a period were introduced. Detailed syntactic analysis of investigated topics is presented. In conclusion results of comparative investigation of cause and effect topics syntactic structure are discussed.

E.V. Sharina
Ambivalent Interpretation of Participle Constructions in the German and Russian Languages
Department of German Philology and Methodology, Moscow Humanities Teachers’ Training Institute

Key words and phrases: ambivalent; participle II construction; interpretation; participle I construction; synonymy; transformation.
Abstract: Ambivalent interpretation of participle I and participle II constructions in the German and Russian languages is studied. The change of meaning of one and the same participle construction indifferent contexts is analyzed. The author refers to the works of G. Helbig, I. Bush, E.I. Shendels, I.V. Belyavtseva.

T.L. Kremneva
Analysis of Research into the Social Workers Training Programs in the UK (England, Scotland, Wales)
Moscow Free Social University (Tambov branch)

Key words and phrases: the Bolon declaration; competence approach to education; International Association of Schools of social work; module technologies of higher education; levels of practice.
Abstract: The programs of social workers training in the UK (Wales, England, Scotland) are compared. The directions of training programs of bachelors and asters in the sphere of social work at different levels of training are analyzed.

N.A. Gunina, A.A. Shipovskaya
Representation of the Category “Person” in English and Russian Net Jargon
Department of Foreign Languages, TSTU

Key words and phrases: category; cluster; concept; net world view; prototype.
Abstract: This paper is devoted to the problem of the categorization and its reflection in net jargon. The aim of the investigation is to define the composition of the category “person” within net jargon limits, to reveal its structure and to determine common and nationally-specific characteristics.

A.V. Guskov
The System of Quality Control of Educational Organization as the Basis of its Competitiveness on the Market of Business Education Services
Department “Methods and Organization of Commercial Activity”, TSTU

Key words and phrases: competitiveness of educational organization; quality control; quality support.
Abstract: The approach to designing the system of quality control over educational organization, positioned on the market of business education services.

T.M. Ulyakhin
Conceptual Aspects of Improving the System of Positioning Industrial Enterprise in Terms of Competitive Media
Department “Methods and Organization of Commercial Activity”, TSTU

Key words and phrases: competitiveness of educational organization; quality control; quality support.
Abstract: The methods of achieving and maintaining the competitive advantage of enterprise by means of the system of quality control over positioning are presented.

  • Back to volume 12